Mental Health Terms

58 terms by redhead0121 

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affect

emotional tone, feeling, or the outward manifestation of subjective emotions; also called affectivity

akathisia

constant motor activity, inability to sit down or relax, twitching (a common side effect of neuroleptic medications)

anhedonia

markedly diminished or lost interest or pleasure in all or most activities.

anxiety

apprehensive uneasiness or dread (may be marked by physiologic signs, such as sweating, tension, or increased pulse)

assaultive

threatening to hurt others or actually striking someone

athetoid

involuntary writing movements of fingers, toes, or extremities

benzodiazepine

class of common antianxiety medication

bipolar disorder

severe disorder in which behavior alternates between overactivity and depression

catalepsy

state in which a person maintains the body position in which he or she is placed

cogwheeling movements

abnormal muscular rigor that manifests as jerky movements when the muscle is passively stretched; can be a side effect of psychotropic medications

compulsion

a repetitive behavior or mental act that a person feels driven to perform, sometimes constantly

decanoate

injectable long-lasting psychotropic medications

delusion

a false belief that cannot be corrected by reason

dual diagnosis

two separate chronic conditions at the same time; has commonly come to mean mental illness, combined with chemical dependency

dyskinesia

involuntary, coordinated rhythmic movements

dysthymia

depressive disorder; chronic clinical depression over a long period

dystonia

difficulty in speaking

echolalia

automatic repeating of what has been said, involuntary

echopraxia

involuntary imitation of the movements of other people

entitled

psychological condition in which an individual feels that everyone should wait on him or her and often makes other unreasonable demands

euthymia

normal mood

factitious

physical or mental disorder that is artificial or made up, with no organic basis.

functional disorder

type of mental illness that has no organic cause

grandiose

having delusions of grandeur

hallucination

seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, or feeling something that has no objective stimulus

hypersomnia

excessive sleep

hypervigilance

state of increased watchfulness

labile

rapid mood swings and marked behavior changes (lability)

malingering

faking illness to stay in the hospital or otherwise receive desired attention

mania

disordered mental state of extreme excitement; extreme and exaggerated hyperactivity as a phase of bipolar disorder; expansiveness, increased speed of speech and thoughts, grandiosity

milieu therapy

therapy in a comfortable, therapeutic environment

neologism

new word created by an individual that is not actually a word

neuroleptic

an agent that modifies psychotic behavior

obsession

a recurrent, persistent, intrusive thought or belief that the person cannot ignore

occupational therapy (OT)

department that rehabilitates clients so they can perform activities of daily living (ADLs) and return to work and leisure following an injury or illness

opisthotonos

a spasm in which the head and heels are close together and the body is bowed forward

organic disorder

mental illness that is caused by an actual physical disorder

paranoia

mental disorder in which one has delusions of persecution or thinks others will harm him/her

perseverate

to dwell on one subject

phobia

a persistent, abnormal fear or dread

psychotropic

types of medications that modify moods

rapport

a state of harmony or good relationship between two individuals, particularly emphasized in mental health

regression

return to a former state, as a child regresses when ill. Regression of a disease process refers to its relief or subsiding

schizophrenia

psychological condition in which the person loses contact with reality

tardive dyskinesia

a condition that results from long-term use of neuroleptics. A common symptom is obvious mouth and tongue movements

aphasia

a loss of the ability to understand or use language

apraxia

an inability to carry out skilled and purposeful movement; the inability to use objects properly

catatonia

positioning of the body in a fixed, wax-like state

clang association

the rhyming of words in a sentence that make no sense

confabulation

the filling in of memory gaps with imaginary information in an attempt to distract others from observing the deficit

delusional ideation

a false belief brought about without appropriate external stimulation and inconsistent with the individual's own knowledge and experience

illusion

an inaccurate perception or misinterpretation of sensory impressions

perseveration phenomena

repetitive behaviors such as lip licking, finger tapping, pacing, or echolalia

psychosis

a disorderly mental state in which a client has difficulty distinguishing reality from his or her own internal perceptions

thought broadcasting

the delusional belief that others can hear one's thoughts

thought control

the delusional belief that others can control a person's thoughts against one's will

thought insertion

the delusional belief that others have the ability to put thoughts in a person's mind against one's will

word salad

the combining of words in a sentence that have no connection and make no sense

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