Levels of Classification

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Domain,Kingdom,Phylum,Class,Order,Family,Genus,Species.

1st level of classification

Domain

2nd level of classification

Kingdom

3rd level of classification

Phylum

4th level of classification

Class

5h level of classification

Order

6th level of classification

Family

7th level of classification

Genus

Last level of classification

Species

Human Classification

...

Domain _____

Eukarya

Kingdom ____

Animalia

Phylum ________

Chordata

Class ______

Mammalia

Order _________

Primmates

Family ________

Hominidae

Genus _______

Homo

Species _________

Sapiens.

2 part naming system is called the ______________

Binomial Nomenclature

Genus is _________ Species is _______

Capitilized, Not

A group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring _________

Biological Species
ex: a horse and a donkey can mate to form a mule, but the mule is sterile not fertile.

An organism resulting from the cross between species is called ________

Hybrid.

3 domains of life include:

Domain Archae
Domain Bacteria
Domain Eukarya

Characteristics of Domain Archae:

1.) Prokaryotic
2.) Most ancient form of life.
3.) Live in extreme environments such as hot springs, deep sea vents, hyper-saline pools.
4.) 1 kingdom- kingdom archae.

Characteristics of Domain Bacteria:

1.) Prokaryotic
2.) Differ from Archae by habitat, structure of cell walls, and RNA structure.
3.) 1 Kingdom: Kingdom bacteria.

Characteristics of Domain Eukarya:

1.) Eukaryotic
2.) Contains 4 kingdoms:
-kingdom protista
-kingdom plantae
-kingdom fungi
-kingdom animalia

Domain Archae:

Kingdom Archae

Domain bacteria:

Kingdom Bacteria

Domain Eukarya:

Kingdom Protista, Kingdom Animalia, Kingdom Fungi, Kingdom Plantae.

Characteristics of Fungi and example:

1.) eukarya
2.) multicellular and Unicellular
3.) heterotroph (feed on growth)
ex: mushroom, mold, puffball

Characteristics of Protista and example:

1.) eukarya
2.) multicellular and Unicellular
3.) either heterotroph or autotrophic (produces its own food)
ex: kelp, amoeba

Characteristics of Plantae and example:

1.) eukarya
2.) only multicellular
3.) autotrophic (produces its own food)
ex: trees, flowers, grass.

Characteristics of Animalia and example:

1.) eukarya
2.) only multicellular
3.) heterotrophic
ex: tiger, giraffe, fish

Vestigal Structure definition and example:

-evolutionary lettaer
-evidence of its ancestory
ex: whale pelvis, appendix wings of flightless birds. eyes of cave dwelling fish.

Homologous Structures definition and example:

-structures similiar in form, may differ in function.
ex: forelimb of vertebrates.

Analagous Structures definition and example:

-similiar in function but don't share an evolutionary history.
ex: wings of birds, bats, insects.

Difference between Eukarya and Prokarya

Prokarya is single stranded and doesn't have a nucleus, Eukarya DNA is double helix and has a nucleus

Fungi are _______

Heterotrophic

Chinook Salmon belong to what kingdom?

Animalia

Coral belong to what kingdom?

Animalia

Amoeba belong to what kingdom?

Protista

Mold belongs to what kingdom?

Fungi

An example of a structure that's homologous with a human arm would be ________

Bat wing

What is a cladogram?

A diagram used to show relatedness

What is convergent evolution and give an example

Convergent evolution describes the acquisition of the same biological trait in unrelated lineages.
Ex: Bat and bee because they both have wings.

What domain and kingdom would an organism that is unicellular, eukaryotic, and photosynthetic belong to?

Domain Eukarya, Kingdom Protista

An organism that shares our class but not order would be ________

Whale

Why do we use scientific names?

Because local names conflict with other names.

Whats the small fleshy fin near the end of a fish called?

Adipose fin

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