Figures Of Speech

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26 terms

Allusion

An indirect or passing references to an event, person, place, or artistic work that the author assumes the reader will understand.
EX:/
In Frankenstein, the author uses many examples of ________ like Prometheus and Adam & Eve?

Anachronism

An event, object, custom, person or thing that is out of its natural order of time.
EX.
A clock strikes in Julius Ceasar

Analogy

A comparison of similar things, often to explain something unfamiliar with something familiar.
EX:/
The branching of a river system is often explained using a tree and its branches.

Aphorism

A terse statement of a principal or truth; a maxim.
EX.
Life is long, reasoning difficult, etc.

Apostrophe

A rhetorical device in which the speaker addresses a dead or absent person, or an inanimate object or abstraction.

Cliche

Any expression that has been used so often it has lost its freshness.
EX.
Sharp as a tack, the last straw, etc.

Epigram

Any terse, witty, pointed saying.
EX"/
"She knows the cost of everything, but the value of nothing."

Euphemism

The substitution of a mild term for one more offensive or hurtful.
EX.
To pass away.

Figurative Language

Language that contains figures of speech, such as metaphor, simile, personification, etc.
EX:/
Racking our brains, Hitting a sales target, and climbing the ladder or success are all _____________ which is one of the many examples of ____________.

Hyperbole

Exaggeration for the sake of emphasis in a figure of speech not meant literally.
EX.
" I've been waiting here for ages."

Kenning

A metaphoric compound word or phrase used as a synonym for a common noun.
EX:/
Land sea for a lake.

Litotes

A figure of speech by which an affirmation is made indirectly by saying its opposite, usually with an effect of understatement.
EX.
" I'd not be averse to a drink."

Malapropism

The comic substitution of one word for another similar in sound, but quite different meaning.
EX:/
"We cannot let terrorists and rouge nations hold this nation hostile or hold our allies hostile."George W. Bush

Metaphor

The most important and widespread figure of speech in which one thing, idea, or action is referred to by a word or expression normally denoting another thing, idea or action, so as to suggest some common quality ( qualities) shared by two.
EX.
" He is a pig."

Metonymy

Figure of speech in which a representative term is used for a larger idea.
EX:/
Th pen is a mightier than the sword.

Onomatopoeia

The use of words that seem to imitate the sounds they refer to.
EX.
Whack, Fizz, Crackle, etc.

Oxymoron

A figure of speech in which two contradictory words or phrase are combined in a single expression.
EX.
Wise fool,living death, etc.

Personification

The technique by which animals, abstract ideas, or inanimate objects are referred to as if they were human.
EX.
" The wind howled through the trees."

Proverb

A short saying that expresses some commonplace truth or bit of folk wisdom.
EX.
"A stitch in time saves nine."

Pun

A form of wit, not necessarily funny, involving a play on a word with two or more meanings.
EX.
"Taller people sleep longer in bed."

Simile

A less direct metaphor, using like or as.
EX.
"He is like a pig."

Syllogism

A form of logical reasoning, consisting of two premises and a conclusion.
EX.
All unmarried men are bachelors

Synaesthesia

The description of one kind of sensation in terms of another.
EX.
"He is wearing a loud shirt."

Synecdoche

Figure of speech that utilizes a part as representative of the whole.
EX.
'Hands' for manual laborers; ' the law for a police officer.

Tautology

Repetition of an idea in a different word, phrase or sentence.
EX:/
"With malice toward none, with charity for all." Abraham Lincoln

Understatement

A type of verbal irony in which something is purposely represented as being far less important than it actually is.
EX.
"Einstein wasn't an idiot."

"Bill Gates has saved for retirement."

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