HISTORY CHAPTER 16: 'The Cold War' 1945-1960

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WHO SAID IT? 'From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent'

Winston Churchill

The USSR had _____ elections

No free

Who made all economic and political decisions for the USSR?

Joseph Stalin

Western Europe was known as....?

Free Europe

The Iron curtain was placed...?

Between Eastern and Western Europe

The literal iron curtain was the..?

Berlin Wall

Economic and political struggle between the U.S and the USSR following WWII

The Cold War

An extreme one side point of view

Propaganda

The 'Cold' war turned into a 'Hot' war in..?

Korea and Vietnam

The United States gives economic aid to Greece and Turkey ($400,000,000)

Truman Doctrine

The Truman Doctrine sets a new course for American foreign policy by avoiding...?

Isolationism

What type of countries did the Truman Doctrine aid?

Countries resisting the Communist threat

Who was the Mascot for the famous 'Duck and Cover' video?

Bert the Turtle

Why did we use the Duck and Cover method?

In case the Soviets used their Atomic Bomb

Who created the policy of 'Containment' ?

Geroge Kennan

An aggressive U.S. foreign policy to contain the spread of communism.

Containment

Gave aid to Europe for economic recovery ($13,000,000,000,000)

Marshall Plan

Soviets stopped all traffic into Berlin in order to repair the roads and railroads. U.S. airlifted supplies into West Berlin for the next 10 months.

The Berlin Airlift.

A mutual defense pact and an attempt by the U.S. to contain the spread of Communism.

NATO

Who was the first NATO commander?

Ike

A civil war occurred between the communist and nationalist Chinese which lead to..

China's fall to communism

Who occupied North Korea?

The communists

Voted to send military aid and troops to South Korea

The United Nations

Led UN troops behind communist lines in a surprise landing at Inchon

Douglas MacArthur

Why couldn't American troops be home for Christmas?

The war escalates

Crossed the Yalu River into North Korea and pushed the UN troops back forcing a stalemate

Red Chinese 'Volunteers'

In Korea and Vietnam the U.S. was forced to fight a...?

Limited war

Criticized Truman's political decisions on a limited war and Truman's refusal to use Nationalist Chinese troops

Douglas MacArthur

What was the outcome of Douglas MacArthur criticizing Truman's decisions?

MacArthur was removed from command

WHO SAID IT? 'Old soldiers never die, they just fade away'

Douglas MacArthur

WHO SAID IT? 'Wrong war at the wrong place, at the wrong time, and with the wrong enemy'

Omar Bradley

Truman orders the production of a _____ bomb

hydrogen

Bans the atmospheric, underwater, and space testing of bombs

Limited Test Ban Treaty

Believed that the U.S. was being dragged into regional conflicts under Truman that drained the nations resources.

Dwight Eisenhower

The policy basically stating 'how far can we push the soviets without getting into a war?'

The policy of Brinkmanship

Who adopted the policy of Brinkmanship?

John Foster Dulles

Broadcasts news behind the Iron Curtain - Was located in Mason Ohio

Voice of America

Boundary between the free world and the Soviet sphere

The Iron Curtain

Promised to use force to help any Middle East country threaten by communism

Eisenhower Doctrine

Soviet space satellite launched in 1957

Sputnik

What did the U.S. believe the USSR was doing with the launch of Sputnik?

The USSR was going to bomb the U.S. from space.

During the Red Scare both political parties (Republican and Democrat) where...?

Anti-Communist

Established the Federal Loyalty Review Board

Harry Truman

Investigated subversive activities and conducted publicized hearings on communist

House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC)

A state department employee accused of giving documents to the Soviet Union. Denied ALL of his charges.

Alger Hiss

Alger Hiss denied that he ever knew this man..

Whittaker Chambers

Arrested for selling atomic energy secrets during World War II.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Why was the Rosenberg's execution so controversial

The Rosenberg's had two children

Comes with the end of the Korean conflict and the Army hearings of 1954

McCarthy's downfall

Eisenhower fulfilled his campaign promise by..

ending the Korean conflict

Americans now had economic self-confidence for the first time since...?

The Great Depression

The percent of married couples in the U.S.

97%

The family life in the 50's was known as

A couple society

Parents of what generation had experienced the depression?

The 'baby boom'

Americans fell in live with what new technology that left radio abandoned

Television

What worried traditionalists more than anything in the 50's?

Rock and Roll

Lloyd Price, Little Richard, Bill Haley and the Comets sang..?

The 'devils music'

The first superstar of rock and roll

Elvis

Predecessors of the counterculture of the 1960s and challenged the consumerism in the 50's

The Beatniks

Refused to move to the back of the bus in 1955

Rosa Parks

A young preacher in Montgomery that led and organized an non-violent demonstration

Martin Luther King

The Supreme Court calls for the integration of public schools in 1954

Brown vs. Board of Education - Topeka Kansas

Governor of Arkansas who refused to allow the integration of Central High School in Little Rock

Orville Faubus

Sent in the 101st Airborne to enforce the national commitment to integration

Dwight Eisenhower

In 1956 Eisenhower authorized the __________ which was the largest public works act in the U.S.

Interstate Highway System

The Soviets sent so many tanks and troops into Hungary that American...?

Could not help with the Hungarian Revolution

What would have happened if the U.S. would have invaded Hungry?

World War III.

An independent nation under control of a more powerful nation

Satellite state

Military alliance of the Soviet Union and it's satellite states

Warsaw Pact

Contest in which nations compete to build more powerful weapons. Between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Arms race

Policy of threatening to use massive force in response to aggression

Massive retaliation

Fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life

the Red Scare

A group of movie writers, directors, and producers who refused to answer HUAC questions about communist ties

Hollywood Ten

A list of people that were not hired due to communist ties

Blacklist

Negative catchword for extreme, reckless charges of disloyalty

McCarthyism

Waved around a fake piece of paper lying that he knew the names of State Department employees who were secretly communist

Joesph McCarthy

The military alliance formed to counterbalance NATO was called

the Warsaw Pact

Why was West Berlin described as a 'bone in the throat' of the Soviet Union?

West Berlin was an outpost of Western European and American influence deep in soviet control

What did Stalin do at the meeting in Potsdam that alarmed Truman?

He refused to allow free elections in Europe

In the Chinese Civil war - the Soviet Union supported the....

Communist led by Mao Zedong.

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