Germany, Italy, Japan
Ethiopia (pre-war aggression)
Mussolini used the military to start conflict
Manchuria (pre-war aggression)
Japanese officials bombed a section of a railroad in China then took over
China (pre-war aggression)
Civil war between nationalists and communists
Rhineland (pre-war aggression)
Hitler objected the provision of Versailles Treaty that demilitarized the Rhineland
Austria (pre-war aggression)
Hitler wanted to annex it, there was political unrest
Sudetenland (pre-war aggression)
Germany took from Czech
Poland (pre-war aggression)
Hitler ordered the military to invade Poland
Reactions by league of nations and the world to pre-war aggression
Some nations were shocked, league of nations didn't do much, they didn't know what to do
Gave Germany land of Sudetenland; Hitler promised not to claim any other European territory; Germany broke the pact
famous for saying "I believe it is peace for our time" then the war broke out
giving into Germany's demands and hoping Hitler would stop
stated the two countries, soviet union and germany, would not attack each other
secret of the non-aggression pact
Germany was giving the Soviets the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania). Poland was also to be divided between the two
September 1, 1939
Nazi forces stormed into Poland
fall of France
June 1940 France and most of Europe was conquered by Germany. Left Britain alone against Hitler
German "puppet state"; Southern Pro-Nazi French; govern themselves as loyal to nazis; traitors to the Free French in N. France
A French general who reached the distinction of Marshall of France, and was later Chief of State of Vichy France.
new german territory
Charles De Gaulle
Head of the French government in exile in England
Soldiers were rescued and carried from France to Great Britain
Battle of Britain
Battle between German Luftwaffe (air force) which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance
Motivated Japan to engage in war in Asia
they needed land for their massive population
U.S. embargo on Japan
coal, rubber, steel
Japanese decided to attack the US at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
they did this because of the US oil embargo
Leaders of Germany, Italy, Japan, USSR, and GB during the war
Hitler, Mussolini, Tojo, FDR, Stalin, Churchill
Allied strategy in Europe
to eventually attack Germany from 3 fronts and take away African land
General Erwin Rommel
German commander in North Africa
General Dwight Eisenhower
led the Allied invasion of North African and planned and executed the D-Day invasion at Normandy and the Battle of the Bulge
General Douglas Mac Arthur
led American troops against Japan
Turning point in war in North Africa. German General Rommel was defeated in Egypt(October 1942).
The Battle of Stalingrad was the turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union. Pushed the Germans out of the city and caused retreat
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Battle of the Bulge
World War II battle in December 1944 between Germany and Allied troops that was the last German offensive in the West.
Pacific battle which stopped Japanese advance on Australia
land and carrier-based American planes decisively defeated a Japanese fleet on its way to invade the Midway Islands
First U.S. land victory over the Japanese
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
Victory in Europe
Victory in Japan
deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
The Holocaust took place in Europe between 1993 and 1945. Six million Jews were systematically and brutally murdered by the Nazis and their collaberators. Miliions of non-Jews, including Roma and Sinti(Gypsies), Serbs, political dissidents, people with disabilities, homosexuals and Jehova's Witnesses, were also persecuted by the Nazis.
Held in Berlin in 1942; purpose was to inform senior Nazis and governmental administrators of plans for the "final solution to the Jewish question"
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews
Nazi strike forces that killed innocent Jews with their infamous "death squads"
formerly the restricted quarter of many European cities in which Jews were required to live
"Rape Of Nanjing"
Japanese attack on Chinese capital from 1937-1938 when Japanese aggressorts slaughtered 100,000 civilians and raped thousands of women in order to gain control of China.