Sociobiology

Created by vel2765 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Science

Systematic study of the natural world--based on testable explanations and predictions--a way of pursuing knowledge

Science as a process

bases on assumption that nature is knowable-- limited to repeatable phenomena-- blind to miracles

Consilience

Unity of knowledge from all parts of human understanding-- boundaries of academic discplines are arbitrary

Nature is knowable

Science

Nature is unknowable

Pseudoscience

Pseudoscience

belief or practice presented as science but does not follow the scientific method; not based on hypothesis; not tested with evidence

Magical Thinking

idiosyncratic methods; based on mystery and magic; conclusions never tested

Scientific thinking

repeatable methods; based on evidence; all hypotheses tested

Alternative medicines: Pseudoscience

Chiropractric medicine; Acupuncture; Chinese herbal medicine

Alternative medicine: validated by science

attempt to gain special insight to the present or future; through contract with occult or supernatural forces; reading signs, events omens

Pseudoscience: Divination

Tea leaves, cards, palms, faces, skulls

Pseudoscience: Magic

Shamans, Wizards, Holy men, Witchcraft, Sorcery

Pseudoscience: Parapsychology/Paranormal

Extrasensory perception (ESP); Telepathy, Psychokinesis, Precognition and Clairvoyance; Channeling (communicating with the dead)

Limits of Science

Right and Wrong; what to do, how to behave; meaning

Pheromones

secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers social response in members of the same species

Cells

The basic unit of all living things

Chromosomes

threadlike structure within the nucleus of the DNA containing the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next

Genes

the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein

Genomes

the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organism's chromosomes

Mutations

Random errors in gene replication that lead to a change in the sequence of nucleotides; the source of all genetic diversity; change in DNA

Hormones

chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocrine glands, that are produced in one tissue and affect another tissue

Behavior

(psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation

Social Cues

psychological term used to describe the non-verbal hints to guide conversation.

100 billion-- 200 types

Cells

Pseudoscience: Reincarnation

Belief that the soul or spirit returns after death to live in a new body; Hinduism, Jainism

Human

32,000 genes; 22 autosomes; 2 sex chromosomes

DNA

Information in sequence of base pairs (A,T,C,G)-- Adenine, Thymine, Cytocine, Guanine

Protein

Chemical compounds, basis of metabolism,

Nervous System

The body system of nervous tissues--organized into the brain,spinal courd, and nerves--that send and receive messages and integreate the body's activities.

Brain

that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers

Thyroid

part of the endocrine system that produces hormones that regulate metabolism

Stomach

an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal

Goands

Organ that produces sex cells

Cortisol

heart rate, stress, blood sugar

Melatonin

Sleep cycle

Oxytocin

libido, stress, blood pressure

Thyroxin

thermostat

Leptin

Hunger

Sertonin

Mood and memory

Estrogen & Progesterone

Body weight, stress, irritability, migranes, depression

Testosterone

Sexual desire, muscle strength, bone density

Sensory Reception

Physical stimulation of the sense organs, signals to the central nervous system, awareness and understanding of the environment

Categorical Perception

The mental perception of distinct categories (colors) from sensory information that varies along a continuum

Grandmother cells

Neurons that represents a complex by specific concept or object

Mirror Neurons

Neuron that 'mirror' the behavior of others; found in primates and some birds; in humans found in the premotor cortex

Sub-Cortical Regions

automatic behaviors, breathing, sleeping, balance, coordination, hormonal regulation, hunger, thirst, growth

Cerbral cortex- Outer part

Thinking and higher functions

Frontal Lobes

Executive functions: self-control, planning, reasoning, abstract thought

Parietal lobes

integrating sensory information from various sense organs, knowledge of numbers and relationships, manipulation of objects

Temporal Lobes

auditory perception, speech and vision, memory (hippocampus)

Occipital lobes

vision

Sensory

inputs

Motor

outputs

Sensory Acclimation

awareness diminishes despite continuation of the stimulus

Pariental, Temporal, and Occipital lobes

organize sensory information to a coherent model of our environment

Prefrontal areas

involved in planning actions

Consciousness

ability to experience or feel, wakefulness, sense of self 'I', executive control of the mind

Unconscious

Not conscious, lack of responsiveness to external stimuli

Inborn

existing from birth

Acquired

learned or developed during life

Morality

a basic design feature of the human mind, allows us to live in large, cohesive, cooperative groups, blinds as much as binds

Kin selection

favors behaviors that increase the reproductive success of an organism and its close relatives-- those who cooperate have more descendents

Prefrontal Cortex

Attention and consciousness, repressing selfish, impulsive behaviors

Pragmatists

balance many values and ideas; make good leaders when the need is to balance many conflicting problems and objectives

Purists

focus on a few basic principles; make good leaders in times of crisis when moral clarity is needed

Politics

the way social groups make decisions

Conservatives

nobility and clergy-- status quo; preserve the existing state of affairs

Liberals

Commoners and merchants

Democrats

Freedom, Equality, Fairness

Republicans

Liberty, Loyality, Social order

Emphasize values that advance social justice and require change

Liberals

Values that maintain tradition and reisist social change

Conservatives

Truman

Dem

Eisenhower

Rep

Lincoln

Rep

Gandhi

Congress

MLK

No party

Cognitive Psychology

mental processes, how people remember, think, speak, solve problems

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set