Policing-Test 2

30 terms by JenClav10 

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Max Weber is associated with which management theory?

Classical Organizational Theory

Which of the following elements is NOT present in Max Weber's theory?

None of the Above
(answers included: hierarchy, division of labor, employment depends on qualifications)

Crime analysts assist police organizations by:

All of the Above
(mapping crime, finding patterns in offending, directing police to specific "hotspot" locations)

The type of patrol in which officers are assigned to beats in marked vehicles, and in which officers randomly patrol neighborhoods is known as:

Routine preventive patrol

Which of the following is NOT a goal of police patrol activities?

Prosecuting criminals

What of the following most accurately describes the results of the Kansas City Patrol Experiment?

Citizen fear of crime, and victimization, showed no significant differences

What is a "preliminary investigation?"

The initial investigation of a reported crime.

What is currently the most common type of patrol?

Car patrol

Which of the following is most expensive per unit to maintain for police departments?

Helicopter

Which of the following statements is true regarding rapid police response?

Response time does not necessarily influence apprehension rates

What type of patrol attempts to deter crime or problems in a specific area by deploying large numbers of officers?

Saturation patrol

What type of police officer usually starts a criminal investigation after it has been established that a crime has occured?

Patrol

Do detectives almost always solve difficult cases by themselves?

No

What has/have been the major factors limiting police discretion in the last couple of decades?

Liability and Greater oversight on police behavior (A and B)

Making decisions concerning the allocation of police personnel, and developing plans and policies, can be examples of which type of discretion?

Administrative

Which of the followin statements is MOST true regarding offender-based criteria as it relates to police discretion?

If the victim is wealthy and the offender is poor, an arrest is more likely

Which of the following best describes the historical police view of domestic violence (that is, how did police regard DV until about 20 years ago)?

A private matter

According to the book, which of the following is a problem associated with the enforcement of vice laws?

The laws are almost unenforceable, There is no uniformity in the manner in which the laws are enforced, Enforcement of vice laws is extremely time-consuming and expensive (all of the above)

What type of patrol has shown the most potential to reduce crime?

Directed patrol

Which of the following crime types generally allows for the least discretion on the part of officers?

Assault with gun

List three components of the administration of a police agency.

Planning, organizing, directing, reporting, staffing, coordinating

List the three major divisions in a typical large police department

Patrol, Traffic, Detective

List 4 elements that can influence police discretion

Police culture
Community resources
The offender characteristics
The problems that need to be focused on in the community
Plus administrative power

List three DISTINCT types of activities traffic police engages in according to the notes

Enforcement of traffic laws
Assistance to public
Regulating Traffic

In one sentence: What is police discretion?

Police discretion is the officer's choice on how to handle a matter; he makes the decision, like to make an arrest or to not arrest.

List TWO positive and TWO negative aspects of police discretion

The positives are that police can pick and choose the real problem and what to focus on. Also it can bring the community and police closer and stop police from being "suspicious" and "overzealous". The negatives are that important problems to the police and the communities can be very different. Another is it causes confusion on when and where a crime is enforced

What benefits can a police department receive from using crime analyst to analyze crime data?

It can help them keep track of offenders and types of crimes. It can also create important statistics. All of the information can be used to prevent a crime, solve it, and help victims. And catch offenders

What roles do patrol officer's play in the investigative process of crimes (at least three)?

They figure out that a crime has been committed. Look for clues. Look for suspects. Press Charges. Make Arrest. Secure crime scene

Explain the Kansas City experiement. How were they able to study effectiveness of routine preventative patrols?

They had sections of different patrols. The patrols were no action, proactive, and routine patrol. They looked at the aspects of
1. Citizens fear of crime
2. Citizens attitude towards the police
3. Actual victimization
4. Response time.
They showed is no difference in any way you patrol. No more effectiveness of each other.

List - from lowest through highest - the chain of command for a major law enforcement agency

First line supervisors (sergeants) to Middle managers (captains and lieutenants) to Administrators (majors, assistants) to patrol

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