When the Supreme Court struck down several of FDR's New Deal Laws as unconstitutional, FDR decided to increase the size of the Supreme Court and nominate judges that would rule in favor of the New Deal. The plan did not succeed.
Occurs when the government spends more than it collects in taxes. This occurs most often during economic depressions and recessions and in times of war. Deficits year after year accumulate debt.
Share Our Wealth Program
Proposed by Huey Long that would redistribute wealth by limiting how much people could make. Any amount above $1 million would be taken as taxes to ensure that each family would be given a minimum amount of income.
Period of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agricultural damage to the Great Plains, caused by severe drought and no crop rotation
Person who works for long hours for low wages, moving from farm to farm, to provide the labor needed to plant, cultivate, and harvest crops
Wagner Act of 1935
AKA National Labor Relations Act--Strengthened the right of unions to organize and strike
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
A law enacted in 1933 to raise crop prices by paying farmers to leave a certain amount of their land unplanted, thus lowering production
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
The federal agency created during the New Deal that regulates stock fraud.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Part of "First" New Deal Program (1933-1935), insured deposits up to $5000, reassured American public of the stability of banks
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
A New Deal agency created to generate electric power and control floods in the Tennessee River Valley. It created many dams that provided electricity as well as jobs.
WWII US Foreign Policy
From 1939 to 1941, US able to avoid actively fighting in WWII due to location of the United States across Atlantic Ocean. The US helped the Allies with weapons and money for the war effort against Germany. In 1941, when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, the US entered the war on the Allied side.
An international organization of independent countries formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security. Its precursor was the League of Nations.
policy by which Czechoslovakia, Great Britain and France agreed to Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland in agreement for not taking any additional Czech territory.
Became a radical German nationalist during World War I. He led the National Socialist German Workers' Party-the Nazi Party-in the 1920s and became dictator of Germany in 1933. He led Europe into World War II.
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan on December 7, 1941, bringing the United States into World War II.
Lend Lease Plan
FDR's plan to lend or lease war supplies to any country whose defense was considered vital to the defense of the US.
A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled.
Code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II.
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, FDR issued Executive Order 9066 that put anyone of Japanese descent living on the west coast in relocation camps for fear that they were spies capable of sabotage. Order validated by the Supreme Court in 1944 in Korematsu case. In 1988 government paid compensation to the surviving detainees.
African Americans in WWII
Served in segregated units and mostly given non-combat roles. The Tuskegee Airmen distinguished themselves as skilled fighter pilots.
Home Front Mobilization
Civilians planted victory gardens, conserved energy and collected recyclable materials. The economy was converted to wartime production of supplies needed for war.
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character that became a rallying symbol for women to do their part in the war effort by working in factories. Women were expected to give up the jobs after the war, and many did so. However, the 1950's marked the first time that more married women worked than single women.
Invasion led Dwight D. Eisenhower that started in Normandy, on June 6th, 1944; turning point of WWII, first time allied forces successfully set foot in Europe.
Powerful weapon used by the U.S. to end World War II. It was dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
A plan for aiding the European nations in economic recovery after World War II in order to stabilize and rebuild their countries and prevent the spread of communism.
Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
1941 pledge signed by US president FDR and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and to work for peace after the war.
After WWII, this country was partitioned along the 38th parallel into a northern zone controlled by the Soviet Union, and a southern zone controlled by the U.S. In 1950, the North invaded the South. The U.N. raised an international army led by the U.S. to stop the North. It was the first use of U.N. military forces to enforce international peace. Ended in 1953 after Stalin's death very close to the original border at the 38th parallel.
US senator; claimed that there were Soviet spies and Communists within the government but had no evidence; discredited by the US senate