The process of shifting one or more digits in a binary number to the left or right to produce a different value.
A technology designed to recover encrypted data if users forget their passphrases or if the user key is corrupted after a system failure.
Known File Filter (KFF)
A database containing the hash values of known legitimate and suspicious files. It's used to identify files for evidence or eliminate them from the investigation if they are legitimate files.
The result of an investigation expanding beyond its original description because the discovery of unexpected evidence increases the amount of work required.
A cryptographic technique for embedding information in another file for the purpose of hiding that information from casual observers