Aquinas - Summa Theologica IV

7 terms by emi9

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Divine Power

God is an active power to positively bring about actuality
NOT a passive power affected by something else
God is omnipotent - anything that is really possible, and that requires genuine activity, can be done by God

Three things God Cannot Do

- God cannot be acted upon - he is a necessarily perfect and wholly active being
(Problem: we do not act on God either through our poor actions or our good deeds and prayers

- God cannot do things that are not really possible (e.g. 2 +2 = 5, or a triangle with 4 sides)

- God cannot sin

Creation

- Bringing something into existence from nothing
- all created beings must derive their existence from the something that exists by its very nature
- God is the only things that exists by his very nature - only thing for whom essence and existence are the same
- what passes for creation in the created world does not pass for creation according to Aquinas
- the world depends upon God's original being not only at creation but at every moment at which it continues to exist
- Everything depends on God's active assistance
- God creates creatures with their own causal powers but they can't do anything without "divine concurrence"

Two Advantages to Divine Concurrence

1. Make God as important as possible without undermining the responsibility of creatures
Allows God to be important for every action but still maintain responsibility of creatures
2. Provides explanation "contra naturum"

Divine providence

God's providential care extends to absolutely every creature in 3 ways:
1. Every creature depends on God for its existence
2. For its continuing to exist at every instant
3. Causal efficaciousness within the order of nature (everything happens in accordance with a divine plan)
Nothing can happen by pure chance from God's perspective

Doctrine of predestination

1. humans may enjoy eternal life but it is not part of their natures human beings
nothing about one's being human entails that one survives into an afterlife
2. assistance by God is necessary for eternal life
3. God foresees every act and thus must know who will be raised by a special act of grace - predestined salvation
A miracle occurs when God is the only cause that brings about an event i.e. when God acts directly and not through another creature

Analogical Predication

1. God has a a higher degree of properties than us - same goodness, but pure goodness (univocally)

problem: this makes different properties distinct but God's goodness is identical to his intelligence and his very being - he is one.

2. God's goodness etc are applied in a completely dif sense than it is to humans (equivocally)

problem: complete gap between predicates used to describe humans and that we use to describe God. Thus, we cannot apply any predicates to God

3. Aquinas suggests analogically - "good" and "intelligent" used in different but importantly related ways e.g. use of the word healthy

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set