assembly plants just across the border in Mexico that use materials from the US and then export products back to the US. Take advantage of cheaper labor and tax breaks. There are over 1,000 in Mexico
the change to "industry" based economies; began in UK in the late 1700's; led to huge population increase
home-based manufacturing system used prior to the Industrial Revolution
an economic activity in which the final product weighs LESS than its inputs. Usually located close to inputs. Examples are copper and steel industries
an economic activity in which the final product weighs MORE than its inputs. Examples are soda/beer bottling or cars. Usually located close to markets
a location where transfer among transportation modes is possible. Examples are seaports and airports
Considerations for industry location based on the industry's relative location to inputs or markets. Transportation is major consideration
Considerations for industry location based on the land, labor and capital available at the site.
An enterprise in which labor cost is a high percentage of expense. Best example: Textiles
Silled Labor Industries
An enterprise in which the labor pool must use complex equipment or perform task which involve a high degree of education/training. Example: Electronics
A term that denotes" traditional" work rules, where every worker is asigned one or two tasks and the work environment is very structured. STill often used in low-skill labor-intensive industries
A term that denotes more "Flexible" work rules and a more fluid work environment where each worker must be able to master several tasks. Usually needs relatively skilled workers.
A group of countries who agree to cooperate with each other in trade/economics. 3 most important in the world are NAFTA, European Union and East Asia
Accronym for trading bloc in western hemisphere between USA, Canada and Mexico
abbreviation for trading bloc in Europe, uses the "euro" as currency.
The transportation (roads, bridges, etc.), communications (electricity, phone service, computer access), buildings etc. of a location. Development relies on having a modern infrastructure.
New International Division of Labor
The selective transfer of jobs to LDC's for cheap labor. LDC's = low skilled, cheap labor
MDC's = high skilled, expensive labor
Export Processing Zones
Industrial parks for foreign companies to conduct export-oriented manufacture; used by many LDC's to attract transnational corporations. Oftne located at seaports.
A US state which have passed laws preventing union membership as a condition of employment. Weakens a union's power. Many SE states are this type so they attract industries that wnat to avoid union issues.
A decision by a corporation to turn over much of production to "outside" suppliers.
type of delivery when needed parts for production are scheduled to arrive "just-in-time" for production. Important for Single Market Manufacturers to be close to market.