7 Written questions
6 Multiple choice questions
- A reformation beginning in 1517 which was led by Luther and evolved when Luther challenged the Roman Catholic Church. Luther gained a following from Europeans, was excommunicated by the pope and started his own protestant church.
- The half brother of Sir Humphrey Gilbert who sent men to explore land along the North American coast and named Virginia in honor of Queen Elizabeth (the virgin queen). He soon led to the colonization of Roanoke. The first colonization failed when supplies were not sent to Roanoke on time and the settlers boarded the ships of Sir Francis Drake and left. The second attempt of colonization there that began where the original colony ended also failed when John White, the commander of the colonies' expedition, left for supplies and was unable to return for three years. By the time he got back the island was deserted and the only sign of life was the word "Croatoan" inscribed on a pole. AKA - Lost Colony
- England's first attempt at colonization began in Ireland. Rather than mix with those already living there the English created their own separate societies based upon those who emigrated from England. The English treated the Irish harshly, as they would do to Native Americans.
- One of the largest military fleets in the history of warfare which was sent to attack England in 1588. The smaller English fleet was able to defeat the armada by using its ease of maneuverability and ended Spain's domination of the Atlantic Ocean and made England the power.
- Hernando was one of the first conquistadors who led armies into South America. Cortes managed to conquer Tenochtitlan after a failed first attempt and with the aid of smallpox he killed many of the Aztecs that lived there. Cortes advancement into South America allowed for other conquistadores or conquerors to make their way there also. Eventually Spain began to mine in South America and generated more gold and silver than was being mined in all the world's mines put together.
- A theologian who started the belief that God selected who would be saved and who would be condemned to damnation before their belief. Followers believed that those who existed wickedly or uselessly were those chosen for damnation and those who were successful and diligent were those who would be saved. This belief led many Europeans to try to lead virtuous and productive lives.
6 True/False questions
Prince Henry of Portugal & navigation schools → Prince Henry dedicated much of his life to the promotion of maritime exploration and helped Portugal become an early force in navigation. Portugal became home of Christopher Columbus and Magellan, two prominent explorers.Explored South along West Africa and around Cape of Good Hope to India.
The English Reformation/The Church of England → A reformation beginning in 1517 which was led by Luther and evolved when Luther challenged the Roman Catholic Church. Luther gained a following from Europeans, was excommunicated by the pope and started his own protestant church.
Quebec → The first French settlement in America which was established in 1608. Its population grew slowly but they were able to establish relationships with Native Americans. French Jesuit missionaries helped to establish those relationships.
Jamestown → People who wanted to further reform the Church of England and clamored for reforms that would purify the church. Many left England due to economic reasons, also.
St. Augustine → The first Spanish fort north of Mexico. It was a small military outpost located in Florida and founded in 1565. It was followed by colonizing in the Southwest. The first permanent European settlement in North America.
Sir Humphrey Gilbert → The first Spanish fort north of Mexico. It was a small military outpost located in Florida and founded in 1565. It was followed by colonizing in the Southwest. The first permanent European settlement in North America.