7 Written Questions
6 Multiple Choice Questions
- The first permanent English settlement in the new world which was established in Virginia in 1607.
- A economic concept that believes that for one person or nation to grow rich it must be at the expense of another. This led to Europeans trading greatly throughout the fifteen and sixteen hundreds. It also led to colonization, nations looked for new products to trade from areas they could control because there was a need of resources and markets to increase money flowing to Parent Nation.
- People who wanted to further reform the Church of England and clamored for reforms that would purify the church. Many left England due to economic reasons, also.
- A theologian who started the belief that God selected who would be saved and who would be condemned to damnation before their belief. Followers believed that those who existed wickedly or uselessly were those chosen for damnation and those who were successful and diligent were those who would be saved. This belief led many Europeans to try to lead virtuous and productive lives.
- A conquistador like Cortes, who conquered the Incas in Peru and help to begin more advances in South America. Besides miners, farmers, priests, friars and missionaries went to South America after it was conquered by the conquistadores.
- One of the largest military fleets in the history of warfare which was sent to attack England in 1588. The smaller English fleet was able to defeat the armada by using its ease of maneuverability and ended Spain's domination of the Atlantic Ocean and made England the power.
6 True/False Questions
Cahokia → The first French settlement in America which was established in 1608. Its population grew slowly but they were able to establish relationships with Native Americans. French Jesuit missionaries helped to establish those relationships.
Hernando Cortes, conquistadores and Tenochtitlan → A English explorer who was employed by the Dutch to find land for them. He sailed along the river now known as the Hudson River and helped the Dutch to claim the area now known as New York. The Dutch created a series of trading posts on the Hudson, Delaware and Connecticut Rivers to establish New Netherlands. The principal town of New Netherlands was New Amsterdam which was on Manhattan Island.
Quebec → A trading center which once existed near the current location of St. Louis and was inhabited by 40,000 native Americans in 1200 A.D.
Sir Walter Raleigh/ Roanoke → The half brother of Sir Humphrey Gilbert who sent men to explore land along the North American coast and named Virginia in honor of Queen Elizabeth (the virgin queen). He soon led to the colonization of Roanoke. The first colonization failed when supplies were not sent to Roanoke on time and the settlers boarded the ships of Sir Francis Drake and left. The second attempt of colonization there that began where the original colony ended also failed when John White, the commander of the colonies' expedition, left for supplies and was unable to return for three years. By the time he got back the island was deserted and the only sign of life was the word "Croatoan" inscribed on a pole. AKA - Lost Colony
The Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther → A reformation beginning in 1517 which was led by Luther and evolved when Luther challenged the Roman Catholic Church. Luther gained a following from Europeans, was excommunicated by the pope and started his own protestant church.
Prince Henry of Portugal & navigation schools → Prince Henry dedicated much of his life to the promotion of maritime exploration and helped Portugal become an early force in navigation. Portugal became home of Christopher Columbus and Magellan, two prominent explorers.Explored South along West Africa and around Cape of Good Hope to India.