7 Written questions
6 Multiple choice questions
- A English explorer who was employed by the Dutch to find land for them. He sailed along the river now known as the Hudson River and helped the Dutch to claim the area now known as New York. The Dutch created a series of trading posts on the Hudson, Delaware and Connecticut Rivers to establish New Netherlands. The principal town of New Netherlands was New Amsterdam which was on Manhattan Island.
- A conquistador like Cortes, who conquered the Incas in Peru and help to begin more advances in South America. Besides miners, farmers, priests, friars and missionaries went to South America after it was conquered by the conquistadores.
- England's first attempt at colonization began in Ireland. Rather than mix with those already living there the English created their own separate societies based upon those who emigrated from England. The English treated the Irish harshly, as they would do to Native Americans.
- French fur traders and trappers who went far into the wilderness of Quebec and developed extensive trade. The traders formed partnerships with the Indians and lived among them and some even married the Indian women. The fur trade they established helped begin the creation of French agricultural estates along the St. Lawrence River and the creation of military and trade centers at Quebec and Montreal.
- A trading center which once existed near the current location of St. Louis and was inhabited by 40,000 native Americans in 1200 A.D.
- Radical Puritans who began their existence in the 16th century after England formed its own church. They determined to worship in their own independent congregation, despite English law stating that they must do otherwise. They did not want to leave the Church of England but simply change the Anglican forms of worship and reform church leadership. Eventually Puritans were antagonized and they sought new places for refuge. Puritans- left for Holland then to Plymouth.
6 True/False questions
Hernando Cortes, conquistadores and Tenochtitlan → Hernando was one of the first conquistadors who led armies into South America. Cortes managed to conquer Tenochtitlan after a failed first attempt and with the aid of smallpox he killed many of the Aztecs that lived there. Cortes advancement into South America allowed for other conquistadores or conquerors to make their way there also. Eventually Spain began to mine in South America and generated more gold and silver than was being mined in all the world's mines put together.
Quebec → A trading center which once existed near the current location of St. Louis and was inhabited by 40,000 native Americans in 1200 A.D.
The Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther → After a disagreement between the Pope and King Henry VIII(Henry wanted divorce from Catherine (Spain) since she had not given him a male heir-Pope refused so Henry put himself as head of Anglicans). England separated from honoring the Roman Catholic Church to starting its own church, the Church of England. Many believed that the English reformation was not enough and wanted more changes in the church.
Sir Humphrey Gilbert → The first Spanish fort north of Mexico. It was a small military outpost located in Florida and founded in 1565. It was followed by colonizing in the Southwest. The first permanent European settlement in North America.
The Spanish Armada → A economic concept that believes that for one person or nation to grow rich it must be at the expense of another. This led to Europeans trading greatly throughout the fifteen and sixteen hundreds. It also led to colonization, nations looked for new products to trade from areas they could control because there was a need of resources and markets to increase money flowing to Parent Nation.
St. Augustine → People who wanted to further reform the Church of England and clamored for reforms that would purify the church. Many left England due to economic reasons, also.