7 Written Questions
6 Multiple Choice Questions
- One of the largest military fleets in the history of warfare which was sent to attack England in 1588. The smaller English fleet was able to defeat the armada by using its ease of maneuverability and ended Spain's domination of the Atlantic Ocean and made England the power.
- Prince Henry dedicated much of his life to the promotion of maritime exploration and helped Portugal become an early force in navigation. Portugal became home of Christopher Columbus and Magellan, two prominent explorers.Explored South along West Africa and around Cape of Good Hope to India.
- England's first attempt at colonization began in Ireland. Rather than mix with those already living there the English created their own separate societies based upon those who emigrated from England. The English treated the Irish harshly, as they would do to Native Americans.
- Hernando was one of the first conquistadors who led armies into South America. Cortes managed to conquer Tenochtitlan after a failed first attempt and with the aid of smallpox he killed many of the Aztecs that lived there. Cortes advancement into South America allowed for other conquistadores or conquerors to make their way there also. Eventually Spain began to mine in South America and generated more gold and silver than was being mined in all the world's mines put together.
- After a disagreement between the Pope and King Henry VIII(Henry wanted divorce from Catherine (Spain) since she had not given him a male heir-Pope refused so Henry put himself as head of Anglicans). England separated from honoring the Roman Catholic Church to starting its own church, the Church of England. Many believed that the English reformation was not enough and wanted more changes in the church.
- The half brother of Sir Humphrey Gilbert who sent men to explore land along the North American coast and named Virginia in honor of Queen Elizabeth (the virgin queen). He soon led to the colonization of Roanoke. The first colonization failed when supplies were not sent to Roanoke on time and the settlers boarded the ships of Sir Francis Drake and left. The second attempt of colonization there that began where the original colony ended also failed when John White, the commander of the colonies' expedition, left for supplies and was unable to return for three years. By the time he got back the island was deserted and the only sign of life was the word "Croatoan" inscribed on a pole. AKA - Lost Colony
6 True/False Questions
Separatists → People who wanted to further reform the Church of England and clamored for reforms that would purify the church. Many left England due to economic reasons, also.
Mercantilism → A economic concept that believes that for one person or nation to grow rich it must be at the expense of another. This led to Europeans trading greatly throughout the fifteen and sixteen hundreds. It also led to colonization, nations looked for new products to trade from areas they could control because there was a need of resources and markets to increase money flowing to Parent Nation.
John Calvin → The first permanent English settlement in the new world which was established in Virginia in 1607.
Henry Hudson/ New Amsterdam → An early English pioneer of Colonization who was able to secure a patent to colonize in the New World. He led an expedition to Newfoundland but was lost at sea.
The Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther → A reformation beginning in 1517 which was led by Luther and evolved when Luther challenged the Roman Catholic Church. Luther gained a following from Europeans, was excommunicated by the pope and started his own protestant church.
Quebec → A trading center which once existed near the current location of St. Louis and was inhabited by 40,000 native Americans in 1200 A.D.