Georgia Chapter 1 & 2

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Mr.Lewis's Class. Georgia Chapters 1/2.

Northern and Western

Which two hemisphere's is Georgia located in?

North America

Which continent is Georgia located on?

United States

What nation is Georgia located in?

Southeast

What region is Georgia located in?

Latitude

30-35 degrees N

Longitude

80-84 degrees W

5 Geographical Regions

Appalachian Plateau, Blue Ridge, Piedmont, Coastal Plains, Ridge and Valley

Fall Line

a point at which hilly or mountainous lands meet the coastal plain

Columbus, Macon, Augusta

3 Major Cities located on Fall Line

4 Major Ports

Savannah, Brunswick, Columbus, Banebridge

Blue Ridge, Ridge and Valley, Appalachian Plateau

What regions are the Appalachian Mountains located in?

Georgia's climate

mild with a subtropical feel along the coast; 4 seasons; Temperature varies

7 Wonders

Amicalola Falls, Tallulah Gorge, Stone Mountain, Warm Springs, Radium Springs, Providence Canyon, Okefenokee Swamp

Benefit of Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway

Gives commercial and recreational boating traffic safety from storms

Economic Impact of ports of Savannah and Brunswick

1.8 Billion Annual income; 81,000 jobs, 585 million in state and local taxes

Region

an area on Earth's surface that is defined by certain unifying characteristics

Appalachian Plateau

Name the region. limestone caves, deep canyons, interesting rock formations, TAG Point

Appalachian Plateau

Lookout Mountain, Sand Mountain

Ridge and Valley

Name the region. forests and pastures, apple orchards, Dalton "carpet capital of the world", narrow ridges

Blue Ridge

Name the region. NE part of state, Brasstown Bald, sandy loam

Piedmont

"foot of the mountains" sloping hills and valleys in N, flatlands in S

Coastal Plain

3/5 of state, largest, mild climate, Vidalia Onions

wetland

low lying land area where water lies close to the surface creating sloughs, swamps, bogs, ponds, and freshwater marshes

barrier islands

they protect the beaches and mainland by much of the winds, sands, and water that could erode them

continental shelf

portion of the continent or the coastal plain that extends into the ocean

climate

the type of weather a region experiences over a LONG period of time

weather

day to day conditions and changes in the atmosphere

vertical climate

the higher the elevation, the colder the temperature

wind current

continuous movement or flow of air

trade winds

Prevailing winds that blow northeast from 30 degrees north latitude to the equator and that blow southeast from 30 degrees south latitude to the equator

prevailing westerlies

winds that blow west to east between 30 and 60 degrees in the northern and southern hemispheres

ocean currents

large streams of surface seawater

5 States the GA borders

Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, South Carolina, and North Carolina

Geographic Center

Twiggs County; 18 Miles SE of Macon

Average Annual Temperature

65 F

absolute location

exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates

hemisphere

Half of the earth ( 2 __________)

longitude

distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured in degrees from a certain meridian (line from the North to the South Pole).

topography

the surface features of a place or region

Deep Water Ports (2 main ones)

Savannah, Brunswick

Inland Barge Terminal Ports (2 others )

Columbus, Bainbridge

semidiurnal tides

two high tides and two low tides each day

tide

rise or fall of the seal level caused by the gravitational pull of the sun and the moon

estuaries

bodies of water where freshwater rivers and salt water mix

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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