Sensory A&P

Created by mtoddr1 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Part of sensory pathway that detects a change is:

receptor

Part of sensory pathway that carries impulse to the CNS:

sensory neuron

Part of sensory pathway that consists of white matter in the spinal cord or brain is the:

sensory tract

Part of sensory pathway that feels and interprets the sensation:

sensory areas

Function of sensory receptors is to:

detect change and generate impulse

Most of the sensory areas are located in the cerebral

cortex

Cutaneous receptors for touch and pressure are

encapsulated endings

Cutaneous receptors for pain, itch, heat, and cold:

free nerve endings

Cutaneous receptors are found in what part of the skin:

dermis

Sensory areas for the cutaneous senses are in the what lobes:

parietal

Receptors for muscle sense are called:

Proprioceptors or stretch receptors

Muscle sense depends on the brain creating a:

mental picture

Sensory areas for conscious muscle sense are in the:

Parietal lobes

Unconscious muscle sense is integrated by the

cerebellum

Unconscious muscle sense is used to promote good:

coordination

Chemoreceptors fo the sense of smell detect

vaporized chemicals

Chemoreceptors for the sense of taste detect chemicals dissolved in:

saliva

Receptors for smell and tase have the general name:

chemoreceptors

Cranial nerve pair of the sense of smell is the:

olfactory

Cranial nerve pairs for the sense of taste are the what?

glossopharyngeal and facial

Sensory area for the sense of smell is the what lobe:

temporal

Sensory area for the sense of taste is in the what lobe:

Parietal

Membrane that lines the eyelids are the:

conjunctiva

Layer of eyeball that forms the white part of the eye is:

sclera

Cornea differs from the rest of the sclera in that the cornea is:

transparent

Tears contain what type of glands that produce tears:

lacrimal

Tears contain what that inhibit growth of bacteria:

lyszome

Most anterior part of the sclera of the eye is:

sclera

The layer of the eyeball that absorbs light within the eye to prevent glare is the:

choroid

Bony socket of the eye is called ____________ and it is lined with ____________ to cushion the eyeball.

orbit, fat

Part of the eyeball that contains receptors for vision is the:

retina

Eyeball is moved up and down or side to side by:

Extrinsic muscles

The part of the eye that helps the eyelids keep dust out of the eye:

eyelashes

Size of pupil is regulated by the:

iris

Iris has two sets of muscle fibers that regulate the size of the pupil?

smooth muscle

Part of the eye that contracts to change the shape of lens is the:

ciliary muscles

Anterior cavity of the eye contains _________, and posterior cavity contains __________________

aqueous humor, vitreous humor

Fluid of eye that nourishes the lens and cornea is:

aqueous humor

Part of eye that helps keep the retina in place is the:

vitreous humor

Aqueous humor is reabsorbed back into the blood through the:

canal of schlemm

Function of the canal of schlemm is to reabsorb:

aqueous humor

Photoreceptors in the retina are the:

cones and rodes

Photoreceptors that detect the presence of light are the:

rods

Photoreceptors that detect different wavelegnths or colors of light are the:

cones

In the retina, colors are detected by the ________________ and presence of light is detected by:

cones, rods

Cells of retina that form the optic nerve are the:

ganglion neurons

Ganglion neurons of the retina from the:

optic nerve

Part of retina that contains only cones is the:

fovea

Fovea differs from the rest of the retina b/c there are no what present:

rods

Optic nerve passes through the eyeball at a site called the:

optic disc

Optic disc of the eye is the site of the:

optic nerve

Optic nerve is formed by_____________ neurons and passes through the eyeball at the

ganglion, optic disc

First part of eye that refracts light rays:

cornea

Only part of eye that adjusts to focus light rays is:

lens

Len of eye bulges for near vision when the:

ciliary muscle contracts

Parts of eye that refract light rays, in order, are the:

cornea, aqueous humor, lens, and vitreous humor

chemical that breaks down in rods when light strikes it:

rhodopsin

Vitamin A is necessary for vision for the formation of:

rhodopsin

Cranial nerves pairs for movement of eyebal are the:

oculomotor, trochlear, and abducens

Constriction of the pupils in the bright light and is brought about by impulses carried by what nerves:

oculomotor

Dilation of the pupils is brought on by what nerve impulse:

sympathetic

Visual areas of cerebrum are in what lobes:

Occiptal

Brain creates one image from the slightly different images of the two eyes, is called what:

binocular vision

Receptors for hearing are located in what part of the inner ear:

cochlear

Receptors that detect motion are located in the what part of the inner ear:

semicircular canal

Receptors that respond to gravity are located in what parts of the inner ear:

utricle and saccule

Cochlea has receptors called what what and they are located in:

hair cells, organ of Corti

The semicircular canals are made up of 3 canals and their receptors are called:

hair cells

Utricle and saccule have receptors called________ which are embedded in a gel with crystals called:

hair cellls, otoliths

First part of ear that vibrates in response to sound waves is the:

eardrum

Auditory bones in the order that vibrate:

malleus, incus, and stapes

Sound wave vibrations are transmitted from the middle ear to the inner ear at the junction of the:

stapes with the oval window

Middle ear cavity is filled with ________ and the pressure is regulated by the __________________

air, eustachian tubes

Part of ear that prevents sharp rises in pressure within the cochlea is the:

round window

Malleus transmits vibrations from the ______ to ______

tympanic membrane to incus

Cranial nerve pair concerned with hearing is:

acoustic nerve

Cranial nerve pair concerned with hearing is:

Acoustic

Auditory areas are located in the:

temporal lobes of cerebral cortex

Parts of brain that regulate balance and equilbrium are the:

cerebellum and midbrain

Arterial pressoreceptors and chemoreceptors are located in :

carotid arteries and the aortic arch

Arterial pressoreceptors detech changes in:

blood pressure

Arterial chemoreceptors detect changes in the level of

oxygen in blood

Information from arterial pressoreceptors and chemoreceptors may be used by the :P

medulla of brain to regulate respirations, heart rate, and blood pressure

Feeling of sensation in place of receptors were stimulated:

projection

Effect of a previous sensation on a current sensation is called:

contrast

Becoming unaware of a continuing stimulus is called:

adaptation

Being aware of a sensation even after the stimulus has stopped is called:

after image

Pain that originates in an internal organ but is felt as cuteanous pain is:

referred pain

Sense of hunger receptors are located:

hypothalamus and projected to stomach

Sense of thirst receptors loacted:

hypothalamus and projected to mouth and pharynx

Structure of ear important to balance and equilbirum:

crista ampullaris

Type of cone not associated with the retina:

yellow

What is the window of the eye:

cornea

What is the white of eye:

sclera

External ear ends at:

tympanic membrane

What is the organ of hearing?

cochlea

Muscle spindles considered:

proprioceptor

Part of body that is least able to distinguish a one point stimulus from a two point stimulus:

back

Sense of touch:

general sense

Eye and smell receptors are considered:

eye-special sense, smell-special and chemoreceptor

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set