Holocaust

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Holocaust

The genocide of approximately 6 million European Jews during WWII by Hitler and the Nazi Party

Genocide

systematic killing of a racial or cultural group

Wannsee Conference

held by Nazi leaders in 1942 where they decided that the "final solution" of the Jewish question would be genocide.

Madagascar Plan

Nazi plan to get rid of the Jews by expelling them to either the Middle East of Madagascar

Ghettos

Sections of towns and cities in which Jews were forced to live.

Concentration Camps

prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.

Extermination Camps

Nazi camps equipped with gassing facilities for mass murder of Jews

Auschwitz

Nazi extermination camp in Poland, the largest center of mass murder during the Holocaust. Close to a million Jews, Gypsies, Communists, and others were killed there. (p. 800)

Eugenics

The science of selective breeding applied to humans

Aryan

(according to Nazi doctrine) a Caucasian person of Nordic descent (and not a Jew)

Nuremberg Trials

Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime

Heinrich Himmler

German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945)

Reinhard Heydrich

Head of the security forces of the S.S.; chaired the Wannssee Conference; responsible for the constructing of the Final Solution

Einsatgruppen

SS paramilitary death squads that took part in the systematic killing of mostly civilians, including: Jews, communists, intellectuals, and others.

Kindertransport

Plan to remove German Jewish children to Britain

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