A narration or description usually restricted to a single meaning because its events, actions, characters, setting, and objects represent specific abstractions of ideas. Although the elements in an allegory may be interesting in themselves, the emphasis tends to be on what they ultimately mean. Sustained symbolism (man=everyman, chastity=chaste)
Repetition of same consonant sounds in a sequence of words: Luscious lemons, descending dewdrops etc.
Repetition of internal vowel sounds: asleep under a tree. When used at the end, it creates rhyme.
Those works generally considered to be the most important to read and study, which collectively constitute the masterpieces of literature.
Associations and implications that go beyond the literal meaning of a word. Ex-the word eagle connotes freedom and liberty.
The literal meaning of a word.
The manner in which something is expressed. Can be ordinary and concrete, or abstract, intellectual, etc. Formal- dignified, impersonal, elevated. Middle- formal but reflects the way most educated people speak. Informal- the plain language of everyday use, slang, contractions, etc.
Figures of speech or figurative language
A meaning other than the word's literal meaning. These include metaphor, simile, symbol.
Poetry that does not conform to traditional patterns of rhyme or form.
Determines what kind of text we are looking at - poetry, fiction, drama, non-fiction, etc. and then broken down even further into sub-genres (gothic, transcendentalist, etc.)
A word or phrase that addresses the senses suggesting mental pictures of sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings or actions.
A literary device that uses contradictory statements or situations to reveal a reality different from what appears to be true. Ex; A firehouse burning down.
Type of poetry that expresses the personal emotions and thoughts of a single speaker.
Comparing unlike things: Macbeth "Life is a brief candle"
The way a text is organized. Ex. Sonnet/Lyric/Segmented
point of view
refers to who tells us a story and how it is told
Language designed to influence: persuade or move an audience
Pattern of end rhymes. The repetition of identical or similar concluding syllable in different words, most often at the end of lines. Predominantly a function of sound not of spelling: day, grey, bouquet, weight, etc.
comparison using "like" or "as" "her words were like a punch in the stomach" "she was as evasive as a cloud"
Not necessarily the author or poet but more of a poetic construction
The unique way a writer arranges words to achieve particular effects
A person, object, image, word, or event that evokes a rang of additional meaning beyond and usually more abstract than its literal significance. Some are obvious - swastika, some more discreet and particular to their specific texts, ex. the whale in Moby Dick.
The ordering of words into meaningful verbal patterns such as phrases, clauses, and sentences
The main claim that an author seems to be making with his/her text.
The feeling that a certain poem seems to be trying to get across. The "attitude" of the poem.