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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Creatinine has a renal clearanceof 140mL/min due to the fact that
  2. In life -threatening starvation the kidneys synthesize glucose by
  3. The minimum daily output of urine to meet the definition of polyuria is
  4. The mechanism of stabilizing the GFR based on the tendency of smooth muscle to contract when stretched is known as what
  5. Aldosterone acts on
  1. a the distal convoluted tubule
  2. b 2.0 L
  3. c the myogenic mechanism
  4. d deaminating amino acids
  5. e it is secreted by the renal tubules

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. decreased urine volume
  2. vasoconstriction of the afferent arteriole
  3. the thin segment of the nephron loop
  4. diabetes mellitus
  5. collecting duct

5 True/False Questions

  1. In the nephron, the fluid that immediately precedes urine is known as1.2 million


  2. A patient enters a hospital after a motorcycle accident. He complains of mid-back pain. X-rays reveal both rib and pelvic fractures. His emergency room examination includes urinalysis. Which of the following findings from the urinalysis would most likely suggest trauma to the kidneys from the accident but not the urinary bladderalbuminuria


  3. Proximal convoluted tubules are responsible for reabsorbing all of the following exceptglucose


  4. Assuming all other values are normal, calculate the net filtration pressure in a patient with a drop in capsular hydrostatic pressure to 8 mmHg20 mm Hg out


  5. A hospital patient produces 4 mL/min of urine with a urea concentrationof 8 mg/mL. Venous blood draw reveals urea concentration of 0.4 mg/mL. What is the percentage of cleared urea from glomerular filtrate?2.0 L


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