What is the Historical Background of Animal Farm?
A Revolution betrayed & a basis of the 1917 Russian Revolution
Who was Karl Marx?
Born in 1818 died in 1883
What did he predict?
That a Revolution would occur between the Working class and the Capitalists
How did Marx predictions compare to Animal Farm?
Old Major speeches are basic principals of Marx's theories
Animals represent Humans and Humans represent Capitalists
Who was Lenin?
Born in 1870 died in 1924
Leader of the Communist Party (White Army)
in the Civil War
Takes control over New government in Russia for 4 years
Who was Trotsky?
Born in 1879 died in 1940
Leader of the Red Army in the Civil War
What happened during World War I?
In 1914, Welhelm II was about to capture Petrogreed (where trade is controlled)
Lenin stops him by signing a treaty which is costly to Russia
Russia & German become Allies
Lenin dies in 1924 and his body is put in a glass coffin
What does Lenin's death symbolize in Animal Farm?
Old Major's skull when he dies
What happens during World War I after Lenin dies?
Trotsky & Stalin fight over control of the Communist party
Strong socialist statue in Russia
Has a group called, The Cominturn, they spread propaganda
Exiles Trotsky and convinces everyone that he's a trader
Rapid Industrialization & concentrates on trade
What happens in 1936?
The Socialist government take control of Spain
The Spanish Civil War
Describe the Spanish Civil War.
Working Class led army against Franco
Describe Franco's position.
Franco was supported by Nazi Germany
Socialists against him
People accused Russia of betraying the spirit of Socialism
What actions do Stalin make?
Continues to get more power and abuse Working class such as Russia
Didn't support common people
Established Moscow Trials
What were the Moscow Trials?
Stalin's secret police would arrest high-ranking military people, accuse them of treason then shooting them
This made the world look at him in a good way
What major changes does Stalin make?
Switches alliances with England to Nazi, Germany
Stalin signs Non-Aggression treaty with Hitler in 1940
What happens after the signing of a Non-Aggression treaty between Russia and Nazi, Germany?
In 1941, Hitler invades Russia
Russia returns back to alliances with Germany