| 'Through reason we recognise the form of the good life'|
'Human flourishing'/'Human excellence'
'Things are excellent that best fulfil their function'
'Human beings are social animals'
| 'The state of nature'|
'solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.' (describing life in the state of nature)
'An agreement for our mutual benefit'
Social contract theories of ethics
| 'Act only according to a principle that you could will to become a universal law'|
'The categorical imperative'
'Maxims confer specific duties'
Deontological theories of ethics
| 'Reason is the slave of the passions'|
'It is not unreasonable for me to prefer the destruction of the whole world to the scratching of my finger.'
'Humean sympathies'; those sentiments that motivate us to pursue non-selfish ends.
Sympathy-based accounts of ethics