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pharaoh

ruler of Ancient Egypt

pyramid

huge stone structure built be ancient Egyptians as a royal tombs having a square bases 4 triangular sides.

hieroglyphics

Egyptian writing system in which pictorial symbols stand for words or sounds.

Egyptian

one who lives or lived in Egypt

tribute

gift or payment to show respect & admiration.

cataract

Steep rapids in a river; large waterfall

papyrus

longs thin reed used by Egyptians to make paper.

Herodotus

ancient Greek historian who traveled to and wrote about ancient Egypt

obelisk

tall, 4 sided pillar of stone that rises to a point

Tutankhamen

Pharaoh whose tomb was discovered by Howard carter in 1922

Rosetta Stone

key to deciphering hieroglyphics translated by Champollion

sphinx

statue with the body of a lion and head of a man

mastabas

flat-topped tombs

reliefs

carved, painted scenes on tomb walls

dynasty

succession of rulers from same family

embalm

to prevent decay of a dead body by treating it with preservatives

canopic jars

used during embalming to hold organs (liver, intestines, stomach, lungs)

mummy

body after it has been embalmed and prepared the ancient Egyptian way; dead body preserved naturally

afterlife

life after death

sarcophagus

coffin

shadoof

used to lift water from the river for irrigation (still used)

kohl

Egyptian cosmetic

regent

someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule

scarab

beetle (considered sacred to the ancient Egyptians)

Hatshepsut

ruled as regent for son Thutmose III and as pharaoh; pictured with a beard

shabti

magical figurine, servant of the deceased which would carry out the work needed in the afterlife

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