federal funds given to the states in lump sums
federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an airport
Clause stating that Congress can regulate interstate and international commerce.
powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
an organization of states in which the states keep most of the power
The situation in which the national, state, and local levels work together to solve problems.
the transfer of powers and responsibilities from the federal government to the states
The doctrine that both state and national governments are supreme in their respective spheres
a clause that allows Congress to stretch the use of its powers when needed
powers given to the national government alone
A federal order imposed upon the states to meet a goal of the federal government
an agreement between two or more states
a model of federalism in which specific programs and policies involve all levels of government
state power to enact laws promoting health, safety, and morals
federal law is supreme over state law; law of the land
a government that gives all key powers to the national or central government