A philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people. The government is based on consent of the governed.
a group of British political commentators, made attacks on the use of patronage and bribes by the king's ministers. They warned citizens to be on guard for possible corruption.
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Navigation Law of 1650
Law passed by Parliament to regulate the mercantilist system; aimed at rival Dutch shippers. Said that all commerce flowing to and from the colonies could only be transported in British/colonial vessels
Minister George Grenville
British minister who persuaded the crown that colonies should help pay for war by paying various taxes
Sugar Act of 1764
First law ever passed by Parliament for raising tax revenue in the colonies for the crown; among various provisions, it increased the duty on foreign sugar
Quartering Act of 1765
Act forcing colonists in certain coastal colonies to house and supply British forces in the colonies
Stamp Act of 1765
Was issued in order to raise revenues to support the new British military force. Mandated the use of stamped paper certifying the payment of taxes.
no taxation without representation
reflected the colonists' belief that they should not be taxed because they had no direct representatives in Parliament; willing to pay taxes only if their colonial legislatures passed them.
British governmental theory that Parliament spoke for all British subjects, including Americans, even if they did not vote for its members
Stamp Act Congress of 1765
Assemblage in New York City which brought together 27 delegates who drew up a statement of their rights and grievances and beseeched the king and Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act
Sons of Liberty
A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. They enforced non-importationn agreements, incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept.
Daughters of Liberty
Groups of American women patriots who wove cloth to replace boycotted British goods
Act passed in 1766 just after the repeal of the Stamp Act. Stated that Parliament could legislate for the colonies in all cases.