6 Written Questions
6 Multiple Choice Questions
- an aversive stimulus, which decreases the frequency of the immediately preceding response; an aversive consequence that follows a voluntary behavior thereby decreasing the probability that the behavior will be repeated.
- occurs when the conditioned stimulus, after being presented without the unconditioned stimulus, loses its predictive value. Eventually the conditioned stimulus no longer elicits the conditioned response. In operant conditioning, a response is extinguished when it is non longer reinforced.
- reinforcement given after a variable number of behaviors are exhibited. (slot machine)
- a reinforcement is given after some period of time which is changeable. (pop quizzes reinforce for studying done regularly)
- a sudden grasp of new relationships that are necessary to solve a problem and was not learned in the past. The sudden appearance of (often creative) or awareness of a solution to a problem.
- the stimulus that only after repeated pairings with the unconditioned stimulus causes a conditioned response that is similar to the unconditioned response
5 True/False Questions
acquisition → learning involving an unpleasant or harmful unconditioned stimulus or reinforcer
classical conditioning → learning that occurs when an active learner performs certain voluntary behavior and the consequences of the behavior (pleasant or unpleasant) determine the likelihood of its recurrence. (Skinner, Watson)
fixed interval schedule → when reinforcement is applied within a set period of time (a paycheck which is given every week)
stimulus generalization → occurs when an organism displays a conditioned response to a stimulus that is similar but not identical to the conditioned stimulus.
stimulus discrimination → occurs when an organism displays a conditioned response to a stimulus that is similar but not identical to the conditioned stimulus.