Sick Man of Europe
the ottoman empire was referred to the sick man of europe. Europe was waiting for it to die (fall) so it could colonize
war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas
Russian Revolution October 1917
the revolution against the Czarist government which led to the abdication of Nicholas II and the creation of a provisional government in March 1917
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war.
Treaty of Versailles 1919
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
war guilt clause
in treaty of Versailles; declared germany and austria responsible for WWI; ordered Germany to pay reparation to Allied powers
a severe, world wide economic crisis which lasted from the end of 1929 to the outbreak of World War II.
John Maynard Keynes
British economist who argued that for a nation to recovery fully from a depression, the govt had to spend money to encourage investment and consumption
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy. (p. 786)
Spanish Civil War
In 1936 a rebellion erupted in Spain after a coalition of Republicans, Socialists, and Communists was elected. General Francisco Franco led the rebellion. The revolt quickly became a civil war. The Soviet Union provided arms and advisers to the government forces while Germany and Italy sent tanks, airplanes, and soldiers to help Franco.