Lit. Terms - Writing Techniques

20 terms by LindaPhillips 

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Alliteration

The use of the same consonant sound at the beginning of stressed syllables

Assonance

The repetition of similar vowel sounds, usually in stressed syllables

Connotation

What is suggested by a word, above and beyond the dictionary definition

Consonance

The repetition of consonant sounds in the middle or at the end of words

Denotation

A direct, specific meaning; the dictionary definition

Foreshadowing

The use of clues or hints to suggest events that will occur later in the plot

Flashback

A scene or event from the past inserted in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present

In medias res

"In the midst of things"; opening a story in the middle of the action, necessitating filling in past details by exposition or flashback

Juxtaposition

The arrangement of two or more ideas, characters, actions, settings, phrases, or words side-by-side or in similar narrative moments for the purpose of comparison, contrast, rhetorical effect, suspense, or character development.

Lyric

Any short poem in which the speaker expresses a personal emotion rather than describe a narrative or dramatic situation

Onomatopoeia

Using words that imitate the sound they denote

Parallel structure

The repetition of similar structures in writing

Refrain

A regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song

Rhetorical question

A question asked for an effect, not actually requiring an answer

Syntax

The way words are put together to form phrases, clauses, and sentences; Sentence structure and how it influences the way a piece of literature is read

Theme

A generalized paraphrase of the central or dominant idea of a work; The statement a poem makes about its subject

Tone

The attitude a literary work takes toward its subject; Reflects the narrator's attitude

Rhetoric

The art of using language effectively

Cacophony

Harsh or unpleasant spoken sound created by clashing consonants

Euphony

Pleasant spoken sound created by smooth consonants

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