benign prostatic hyperplasia
excessive development pertaining to the prostate gland (nonmalignant enlargement), nonmalignant, excessive growth of the prostate gland that results in construction of the urethra; symptoms include nocturia (nighttime urination) urinary retention, and a frequent need to void; benign prostatic hypertrophy; BPH
state of hidden testes (during fetal development testes are located in the abdominal area near the kidneys. before birth, they move down into the scrotal sac)
inflammation of the epididymis, This is an inflammation of the epididymis. It can happen as a result of a direct injury or reflux of urine, also STD's or Mumps. BILATERAL WILL CAUSE STERILITY. If left untreated, testes will become necrotic, septic and may lead to death. Can be classified as Sterile or Non Sterile., Swelling on scrotum; Redness, painful;
scrotal elevation relieves pain--Prehn's sign
inflammation of the testes and epididymus
orchitis, orchiditis, testitis
inflammation of the testis or testicle
inflammation of the prostate gland characterized by perineal pain and irregular urination and (if severe) chills and fever, Symptoms: Dysuria, frequency, urgency, low back pain. Typically caused by bacteria. If under 35, then its an STD, if over 35 its typically a UTI.
-Subjecitve complaint: Fever, chills mailaise, urinary freq and urgency, dysuria, urethral discharge, dull aching pain in perineal and rectal area.
Objective findings: an exquisitely tender enlargement is acute inflammation of the prostate gland yielding a swollen slightly asymmetric gland that is quite tender to palpation
discharge from the prostate gland
the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient to perform sexual intercourse (formally called impotence)
scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid, disorder in which serous fluid accumulates in a body sac (especially in the scrotum), Fluid in the scrotal sac (fluid trapped in tunica vaginalis). Diagnosis - transillumination. Will resolve spontaneously in first 2 years.
a tightness of the prepuce (foreskin of the penis) that prevents its retraction ove the glans penis; it may be congenital or a result of balanitis. circumcision is the usual treatment
persistent abnormal erection of the penis accompanied by pain and tenderness
cancer of the prostate gland, usually occuring later in life,
-Rarely found in men younger than age 50; however, the incidence dramatically increases with age.
-Symptoms include difficulty starting urination (hesitancy) and stopping the urinary stream, dysuria, urinary frequency, and hematuria.,
-Rate in men over 70 years is high.
-Treatment within and across countries varies markedly with relatively little difference in outcome Biological approach emphasises pathology.
Treatment - removal by surgery or irradiation Alternative emphasising quality of life is 'watchful waiting'.
-Side effects of treatment are impotence and incontinence.
-Metastases rate is low (5%) with median development rate of 14 years.
cancer of the testicle, usually occuring in men 15-35 years of age, malignant tumor in one or both testicles commonly developing from the germ cells that produce sperm; classified in two groups according to growth potential
-The first sign of testicular cancer is usually a slight enlargement of one of the testes.
twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testis; occurs most often during puberty and often presents with a sudden onset of severe testicular or scotal pain. because of the lack of blood flow to the testis, it is often considered a surgical emergency
enlarged veins of the spermatic cord, Swollen, twisted veins within the spermatic cord, above the testes.
-It produces a swelling in the scrotum that feels like a "bag of worms."
-abnormal dilation of the veins of the spermatic cord; caused by failure of the valves within the veins, dull pain (pulling/dragging feeling); bluish color through light scrotal skin; palpation
-when standing, feel soft, irregular mass posterior to and above testis; collapses when supine, refills when upright.
-feels distinctive like "bag of worms"; soft mass on spermatic cord
excision of an epididymis
excision of the testis (bilateral known as castration)
surgical fixation of a testicle (performed to bring undescended testicle(s) into the scrotum)
incision into a testis
surgical repair of the testis
excision of the prostate gland
incision into the prostate gland and bladder
excision of a duct (partial excision of the vas deferens bilaterally, resulting in male sterilization)
surgical removal of the prepuce (foreskin)
surgical removal of the hydrocele
excision of the prostate gland with its capsule, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, and sometimes pelvic lymph nodes; performed by a retropubic or perineal approach, or laproscopically; used to treat prostate cancer
excision of the prostate gland through an abdominal incision made above the public bone and through an incision in the bladder; used to treat benign prostated hyperplasia and prostate cancer
transurethral incision of the prostate gland
a surgical procedure that widens the urethra by making a few small incisions in the bladder neck and the prostate gland. no prostate tissue is removed. may be used instead of TURP when the prostate gland is less enlarged
transurethral resection of the prostate gland
surgical removal of pieces of the prostate gland tissue by using a resectoscope inserted through the urethra. the capsule is left intact; usually performed when the enlarged prostate gland interferes with urination
an ultrasound procedure used to diagnose prostate cancer. sound waves are sent and received by a transducer in the form of a probe that is placed into the rectum. the sound waves are transformed into an image of the prostate gland
a blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen in the blood. elevated test results may indicate the prescence of prostate cancer or excess prostate tissue, as found in benign prostate hyperplasia
microscopic observation of ejaculated semen, revealing the size, structure and movement of sperm; used to evaluate male infertility and to determine the effectiveness of a vasectomy
digital rectal examination
a physical examination in which the physician inserts a finger into the rectum and feels for the size and shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall. used to screen for BPH and cancer of the prostate. BPH ususally presents as a uniform, nontender enlargement, whereas cancer usually presents as a stony hard nodule
condition of being without sperm (or semen or ejaculation)
condition of scanty sperm (in the semen; may contribute to infertility)
dissolution (destruction) of sperm
lack of live sperm in the semen
a sexually transmitted disease caused by a one-cell organism. it infects the genitourinary tract. men may be asymptomatic or may develop urethritis, an enlarged prostate gland, or epididymitis. women have vaginal itching, dysuria, and vaginal or urethral discharge.
benign prostate hyperplasia
digital rectal examination
transurethral incision of the prostate
transurethral microwave thermotherapy
transurethral resection of the prostate