A. Mitchell Palmer
Attorney General during the red scare who prosecuted a ton of communists. Called the "Fighting Quaker".
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
Two people who were accused of murdering a Massachusetts citizen, and were electrocuted later on because of court prejudice against due to the red scare (they were Italians)
Klu Klux Klan
An organization that thrived in the "Bible Belt" south that was anti-Catholic, anti-Jewish, anti-Darwinist, anti-Black, and anti-a lot of other good things. Were ultraconservative and violent, wielding the fiery cross and then bloody whip.
Emergency Quota Act (1921)
An act in which newcomers from Europe were restricted at any year to a quota, which was set at 3% of the people of their nationality who lived in the U.S. in 1910.
Immigration Act (1924)
An act that cut down the 3% restriction to a 2% restriction, and moved the percentage counts to the population in 1890. Also incited anti-American riots in Japan because it barred the immigration of any Japanese.
The amendment that dried up the nation.
The law (not amendment) that implemented of the no-liquor policy in the United States.
Women's Christian Temperance Union
Avid supporting group of Christian Women who supported temperance. (This one is a "derp" question)
One of the big city gang leaders who pocketed millions in the sale of illegal alcohol. Operated in Chicago and was convicted for tax evasion and served 11 years in Alcatraz prison.
This law responded to the kidnapping of the son of Charles Lindbergh. It made interstate kidnapping, in some cases, a capital offense.
John Dewey (So many Dewey's in history, it's not even funny...)
The Columbia Professor who began the implementation of the idea that schools have the responsibility of not only teaching crafts and academics, but creating good, honest citizens as well. Said education should be "education for life", and a classroom should be something more than a prison.
A foundation that eliminated hookworm in the Southern United States. Named after our buddy John.
A trial in which retarded evangelical creationists, including the "Bible expert" William J. Bryan, came to try to prosecute a Tennessee teacher named John T. Scopes for teaching evolution. Miraculously, the idiots ended up winning, but the "punishment" for the "crime" was 100 dollars, which was later suspended by the Tennessee Supreme Court. And then William J. Bryan died of a stroke five days after the trial.
Churches of Christ
Awesome folk who found a way to reconcile religion and scientific findings. Started in 1906.
The creator of the modern assembly line, and the modern traffic jam. His automobile plants were so streamlined that a finished Ford Model T would be produced every ten seconds. This man also brought cars into the hands of the average American citizen, and made a luxury into a common item.
Wrote the bestseller "The Man Nobody Knows", and claimed that Jesus Christ was the perfect salesman and that all advertisers should study his techniques, and was an awesome executive as well.
Ransom E. Olds
Famous for the Olds-mobile
Orville and Wilbur Wright
The inventors of the Airplane; Kitty Hawk, North Carolina (if you don't know this one, you've were deprived as a child)
Made the movie "The Birth of a Nation" about retards
Fought for the right to use birth control and in equal rights amendment to the Constitution.
A group that said god was a "good guy" and the universe was a happy place.
Said that sexual repression was responsible for most of society's ills, and that pleasure and health demanded sexual gratification and liberation
Created the United Negro Improvement Association to move Afro-Americans to Africa.
Warren G. Harding
Three year president who was naive, handsome, well liked, and a champion of voluntary cooperation and big business. Died of pneumonia on a nationwide tour.
Charles Evan Hughes
Secretary of State for Warren Harding. Brilliant politician
Secretary of Commerce for the Harding Administration. Also became president during the depression and had a late current and didn't react on time.
Secretary of the Interior during the Harding Administration and was a doochebag anti-conservationist who sold off valuable federal lands.
Harry M. Daugherty
An Attorney General who did bullshit by not prosecuting big business. Illegally sold pardons and liquor permits.
Adkins vs. Children's Hospital
No special treatment for women; no minimum wage law only for women, like the one in Muller vs. Oregon because women were the legal equals of men (they could vote)
Esch-Cummins Transportation Act (1920)
Law returned control of the railroads to private owners after the Great War. The War Industries Board was dismantled.
Merchant Marine Act (1920)
Law that authorized the Shipping Board, an institution that controlled 1500 vessels, to sell its vessels to reduce naval size
Bureau created to operate hospitals and provide vocational rehabilitation for disabled veterans.
Adjusted Compensation Act
Gave every former soldier a paid-up insurance policy due in twenty years, and was passed by Congress twice (the second time to override president Calvin Coolidge's veto)
Washington "Disarmament" Conference
A conference in which the U.S., Britain and Japan agreed to build military vessels on a ratio of 5:5:3. The conference was Charles Hughes' idea.
Five-Power Naval Treaty (1922)
The treaty that was between all the major naval powers except Bolshevik Russia (U.S. no recognize... that's what happens when you're communist). The ship ratios were agreed on and Japan received compensation.
Nine-Power Naval Treaty (1922)
The treaty in which France, U.S., Japan and Britain said that China is open. Open door policy with regards to China. Joy.
Kellogg-Briand Pact (Pact of Paris)
A pact negotiated by Frank B. Kellogg and a French dude named Briand that said that no wars of aggression shall be permitted by international law. Was signed by 62 nations, ultimately.
Fordney-McCumber Tariff Law
Raised tariffs to protect American industries from 27% to 35%
Teapot Dome Scandal
Scandal in which Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall took Navy oil reserves and sold them privately.
Device that increased farm production after WWI.
Exempted Farmers from anti-trust prosecution, because they were trying to collectively grow less crops to increase prices.
John W. Davis
The Democratic Nominee in 1924
Robert La Follette
Was the Progressive Party nominee in 1924. Got the socialist and AFL endorsement
Made by Charles Dawes, helped reschedule German payments by allowing private American investors to loan money to Germany. Sigh, continuing the cycle.
Alfred E. Smith
Democratic nominee who contested Hoover in 1928. Was a fail New Yorker who drank alcohol (during prohibition)
Agricultural Marketing Act
An Act that created the Federal Farm Board to buy back surplus crops of farmers to keep produce prices high. Had two facets, the Grain Stabilization and the Cotton Stabilization Corporations.
Hawley-Smoot Tariff (1930)
Raised tariff levels to 60%. Was a retarded tariff, if you ask me, but nobody wants to ask me. Ever. O_O. Made other countries start a tariff war against the U.S.
Muscle Shoals Bill
Bill that was supposed to authorize the damming of the Tennessee River, but was vetoed by President Hoover
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
A Hoover-certified, government lending bank, created by Congress
Norris-La Guardia Anti-Injunction Act
Bill that outlawed the "yellow dog contracts" that forced employees to not be a part of unions. Also, courts could not order a strike to be broken up.
Written by Hoover's Secretary of State Henry Stimson, which said that the U.S. will not recognize Japanese holdings in China due to undue aggression on the part of the Chinese.
Emergency Banking Relief Act
Allowed only Federal Reserve operated banks to operate in the United States.
Act that created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Passed during the first New Deal
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
This First New Deal organization gave young men the opportunity to have a job in conservation and natural park preservation and maintenance, with the promise of pay, room, board and some money for their families back home.
Federal Emergency Relief Act
Act that created the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) that gave immediate relief to struggling Americans.
Harry L. Hopkins
The leader of the Federal Emergency Relief Administration.
Agricultural Adjustment Acts (AAA)
Two acts with the same name that assisted farmers in meeting their farm payments, and subsidized farmers to produce less, with the Agricultural Adjustment Administration. The first one was killed in 1936 by the Supreme Court; it was actually increasing unemployment... and then the second one was passed, and the Supreme Court let that slide. Chill folks.
Home Owners' Loan Corporation (HOLC)
A Congressionally authorized corporation that assisted non-farmer citizens in keeping there homes.
Civil Works Administration (CWA)
Organization established in late 1933 created stupid jobs like "sweeping the streets" just for the sake of giving people jobs. Was terminated later on because other Americans got ticked. And you don't want ticked off Americans.
Huey P. Long
Louisiana Senator who was like "let's tax the rich 100% of their income and distribute all that money among the poor, $5000 for each family! Yay! Now everyone wins... except the rich."
Dr. Francis E. Townsend
Man who came up with the scheme to give every senior citizen $200 each month as long as that money was spent within the month. The plan was supposed to stimulate the economy by putting more money in circulation.
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
A congressionally authorized administration that put $11 million dollars into building bridges, roads and dams to provide jobs and improve American infrastructure. In its eight years, it gave 9 million people jobs. Focused on smaller projects.
National Recovery Administration (NRA)
A congressionally authorized administration that focused eliminating "cut-throat competition" and bringing Americans together, with standardized wages, work hours, and product pricing (like what club commission does on club day). The section 7a of the bill to create this administration was shot down by the Supreme Court because it granted the Administration legislative authority, which was unconstitutional.
Public Works Administration (PWA)
A congressionally authorized administration that led by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickles, and spent over $4 billion dollars in creating bridges, dams and roads. Did the huge projects. (No artsy stuff)
Ratified on December 5, 1933, this amendment ended prohibition.
The ecological disaster that lowered farm production in the midwest. Makes you remember that the midwest is useful to this nation; it's the South that's useless, as Romir would say (except for Florida...).
Frazier-Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act
Act that make it possible to differ farm loans for 5 years. Supreme Court killed it. Then, a year later Congress said three years in the revised "Farm Mortgage Moratorium Act". Supreme Court let it slide. Like bosses.
Congressionally authorized administration to relocated land-less farmers to better land
Indian Reorganization Act (1934)
This act killed the the Dawes Act (not the Dawes plan) of 1887 that forced the resettlement of Native Americans. It was supported by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, John Collier
Truth in Securities Act (Federal Securities Act)
Required promoters to transmit to the investor sworn information regarding the soundness of their stocks and bonds
Tennessee Valley Authority (1933)
A government group that created electricity in the Tennessee area by building dams and stuff. Made a ton of jobs.
Federal Housing Administration
Congressionally authorized administration to give small loans to stimulate the building industry.
U.S. Housing Authority
Authority that gave states money to invest in building projects
Social Security Act (1935)
Landmark bill to provide healthcare and benefits to seniors or poor/unemployed folk. Taxes employers and employees. This is apparent through the W-2, W-4 forms that are supposed to be forms filled out by employees and employers for this reason.
Wagner Act (National Labor Relations Act)
After the NRA was killed by the Supreme Court, this bill came along, creating the National Labor Relations Board, helping workers organize into labor unions, including the AFL and the CIO.
Fair Labor Standards Act
This act was a progressive act because it helped quell the depression by setting up minimum wage and maximum hours standards and forbidding children under the age of sixteen from working.
Alfred M. Landon
The Republican nominee to contest FDR in 1936.
American Liberty League
An organization formed by conservative Democrats and wealthy Republicans to fight FDR's "socialistic" New Deal policies.
Amendment that cut the "lame duck period" to 1.5 months by making the inauguration in January rather than March.
The Court Packing Scheme
An FDR plan to try to get rid of all Supreme Court justicies over 70.5 years old. FDR was frustrated that the justices were impeding the right of Congress to do New Deal stuff. Failed in Congress, but the Supreme Court and it's awesome justices decided to cooperate with FDR.
The system created by a British man named John Keynes who said that government can operate in a debt. FDR used this plan to help his New Deal spending.
Act that gave FDR limited administrative reform powers.
Hatch Act (1939)
Barred administrative officials from campaigning or soliciting for their spots. Only elected officials could do that.