Respiratory System

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Medical Terminology

Ablation

Removal or destruction by cutting, chemicals, or electrocautery

Intramural

Within the organ wall

Auscultation

Listening to sounds, such as to lung sounds

Glottis

True vocal cords; the vocal apparatus of the larynx

Epiglottidectomy

Excision of the covering of the larynx

Bronchiole

Smaller division of brochial tree

Cordectomy

Surgical removal of vocal cords

Crackle

Abnormal sounds when breathing (heard on auscultation)

Laryngoscope

Fiberoptic scope used to view inside of larynx

Laryngoscopy

Direct visulization and examination of interior of larynx with a laryngoscope

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration

Lobectomy

Surgical excision of a lobe of lung

Croup

Acute viral infection (obstruction of larynx), stridor

Bilobectomy

Surgical removal of two lobes of lung

Nasal button

Synthetic circular disc used to cover a hole in the nasal septum

Pulmonary edema

Accumulation of fluid in pulmonary tissues and air spaces

Lavage

Washing out

Dyspnea

Shortness of breath; difficult breathing

Orthropnea

Difficulty in breathing, relieved by assuming upright position

Epitaxis

Nose bleed

Percussion

tapping a part of the body for diagnostic purposes

Hemoptysis

Bloody sputum

Pleura

The thin serous membrane around the lungs and inner walls of the chest

Laryngeal web

Congenital abnormality of connective tissue between the vocal cords

Pertussis

Whooping cough - highly contagious bacterial infection of pharynx, larynx, and trachea

Emphysema

Air accumulated in an organ or tissue

Pulmonary embolism

Thrombus or other foregin material lodged in pulmonary artery or one of its branches

Total pneumonectomy

Surgical removal of an entire lung

Rales

An abnormal respiratory sound heard in auscultation, indicating some pathologic condition

Rhinorrhea

Free discharge of a thin nasal mucus

Segmentectomy

Surgical removal of the smaller subdivision of lobes of a lung

Tracheotomy

Incision into the trachea

Spirometry

Measuring breathing capacity

Tuberculosis

Infection of the lungs caused by bacteria (turbercle bacillus) AKA TB

Thoracoscopy

Use of a lighted endoscope to view pleural spaces and thoracic cavity or to perform surgical procedures

Transtracheal

Across trachea

Sarcoidosis

Chronic inflammatory disease with nodules developing in lungs, lymph nodes, other organs

Tracheostomy

Creation of an opening into the trachea

Tachypnea

Quick, shallow breathing

Tracheotomy

Incision into the trachea

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