Medical Terminology Chapter 2 2012

Created by pkherod 

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67 terms

cause (of disease)

eti/o

smooth

lei/o

physician, medicine (also means treatment)

iatr/o

flesh, connective tissue

sarc/o

internal organs

viscer/o

below, incomplete, deficient

hypo-

after, beyond, change

meta-

before

pro-

pertaining to

-al, -ic, -ous

cell

-cyte

substance or agent that produces or causes

-gen

producing, originating, causing

-genic

painful, abnormal, difficult, labored

dys-

through, complete

dia-

above, excessive

hyper-

red

erythr/o

black

melan/o

white

leuk/o

blue

cyan/o

yellow

xanth/o

color

chrom/o

green

chlor/o

cell

cyt/o

epithelium

epitheli/o

tissue

hist/o

nucleus

kary/o

muscle

my/o

nerve

neur/o

organ

organ/o

system

system/o

knowledge

gno/o

gland

aden/o

fiber

fibr/o

tumor, mass

onc/o

cancer

cancer/o, carcin/o

rod-shaped, striated

rhabd/o

disease

path/o

body

somat/o

malignant tumor

-sarcoma

state of

-sis

study of

-logy

disease

-pathy

one who studies and treats (specialist, physician)

-logist

growth, substance, formation

-plasm

tumor, swelling

-oma

resembling

-oid

condition of formation, development, growth

plasia

abnormal condition

-osis

control, stop, standing

-stasis

group of organs functioning together

system

chest cavity

thoracic cavity

composed of two or more tissues

organ

space inside the skull

cranial cavity

contains the stomach

abdominal cavity

contains the urinary bladder

pelvic cavity

type of connective tissue

bone

regions within the chromosome

genes

covers external body surface, lines body cavities and organs

epithelial tissue

gel like fluid inside the cell

cytoplasm

contains chromosomes

nucleus

coordinates body activities

nerve tissue

usually produces movement

muscle tissue

contain genes

chromosomes

a genetic material that regulates the activities of the cell

DNA

basic unit of all living things

cell

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