The language of medicine chapter 22 therapy

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amphetamines

CNS stimulants that may be used to treat depression and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

atypical antipsychotics

drugs that treat psychotic symptoms and behavior (schizophrenia, bipolar disease, and other mental illness)

benzodiazepines

drugs that lessen anxiety, tension, agitation, and panic attacks

cognitive behavioral therapy

conditioning (changing behavior patterns by training and repetition) is used to relieve anxiety and improve symptoms of illness

electroconvulsive therapy

electric current is used to produce changes in brain wave patterns with resulting convulsions and loss of consciousness; effective in the treatment of major depression. Modern techniques use anesthesia, so the convulsion is not observable

family therapy

treatment of an entire family to resolve and shed light on conflicts

free association

psychoanalytic technique in which the patient verbalizes, without censorship, the passing contents of his or her mind

group therapy

group of patients with similar problems gain insight into their personalities through discussion and interaction with each other

hypnosis

trance (state of altered consciousness is used to increase the pace of psychotherapy

insight-oriented therapy

face-to-face discussion of life problems and associated feelings

lithium

any drug that favorably modifies psychotic symptoms. Examples are atypical antipsychotics

phenothiazines

antipsychotic drugs

play therapy

treatment in which a child, through use of toys in a playroom setting, expresses conflicts and feelings unable to be communicated in a direct manner

psychoanalysis

treatment that allows the patient to explore inner emotions and conflicts so as to understand and change current behavior

psychodrama

group therapy in which a patient expresses feeling by acting out family and social roles with other patients

psychopharmacology

treatment of psychiatric disorder with drugs

sedatives

drugs that lessen anxiety

supportive psychotherapy

offering encouragement, support, and hope to patients facing difficult life transitions and events

transference

psychoanalytic process in which the patient relates to the therapist as though the therapist were a prominent childhood figure

tricyclic antidepressants

drugs used to treat severe depression; three-ringed fused structure

anxi/o

uneasy, anxious, distressed

aut/o

self

hallucin/o

hallucination, to wander in the mind

hypn/o

sleep

iatr/o

treatment

ment/o

mind

neur/o

nerve

phil/o

attraction to, love

phren/o

mind

psych/o

mind

schiz/o

split

somat/o

body

-genic

produced by

-leptic

to seize hold of

-mania

obsessive preoccupation

-phobia

fear

-phoria

feeling, bearing

-thymia

mind

AD

alzheimer disease

ADHD

attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

ADL

activities of daily living

AIMS

abnormal involuntary movement scale

ASD

autism spectrum disorder

CA

chornologic age

CBT

cognitive behavior therapy

DSM-IV-TR

Diagnostic and STatistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, revised

DT

delirium tremens

ECT

electroconvulsive therapy

IQ

intelligence quotient

LSD

lysergic acid diethylamide (hhallucinogen)

MA

mental age

MAO

monoamine oxidase

MDD

major depressive disorder

MMPI

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

MR

mental retardation

PDD

pervasive developmental disorder

PTSD

post-traumatic stress disorder

Rx

therapy

SAD

seasonal affective disorder

SSRI

selective seratonin reuptake inhibitor (fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline)

TAT

thematic apperception test

TD

tardive dyskinesia

THC

delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol

WAIS

Wechsler adult intelligence scale

WISC

wechsler Intelligence scale for children

(psi)

symbol for psych-

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