A primary concept in Buddhism, one of the marks of reality. It means Lack of self, analyzing and pulling apart the self as a layer like an onion. There is no substantial self
Four Noble Truths
1. "To Live is to Suffer" To live means to exp. anxiety, loss, and sometimes anguish
2. "Suffering Comes from Desire"
3. "To End Suffering, End Desire"
4. "Release from Sufferings is Possible and Can Be Attained by Following the Noble Eightfold Path"
Suffering the decisions, "suffering, frustration, dislocation, or discomfort". The first of the Four Noble Truths, the basic Buddhist insight that suffering is part of the human condition.
The teachings and sayings of Buddha
The ultimate goal in Buddhism, "blowing out" - the ultimate goal of all Buddhists, the extinction of desire and any sense of individual self-hood, resulting in liberation from samsara and its limiting conditions.
Compassion is central to its teachings. This is what travels up China into Japan (Zen is apart of it)
The earliest branch, the sayings of the elders, the most conservative form of Buddhism, found mostly in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia.
Buddhism blended with Shamanism = Tibeten Buddhism. Very ritualistics, praywer wheel,
The origin of nature, though it is not "God" because it doesn't have a personality nor feelings. It makes nature move the way it does, so it is often called the way or the rhythm of nature.
To experience it we must leave behind our desires for individual things, though the Dao cannot be "known" by normal means, but can be perceived.
Daodejing (Tao Te Ching)
"The Way and its Power," the main text for Taoism, written by Laotzu. It has 81 short poetic and sometimes contradictory chapters written in poetic form. It is "nameless"
"No action," which is often recommended in the Tao Te Ching, to be "efortless" and let nature happen.
Founder of Confucianism, aka "Master Kong." He wanted to produce excellent individuals who could be social leaders, and he wanted to create a harmonious society that could nurture excellent individuals.
The book of the sayings of Confucius.
Symbolized by a circle of light and dark, represent the complementary but opposing forces of the universe that generate all forms of reality
Means the capacity to love and understand
Acting at least appropriately in a ritualistic way
What are the Three Marks of Reality in Buddhism?
Anichcha - "Change" when we truly experience impermanence, we see that all of reality is in motion all the time
Anatta - "No permanent soul/self", nothing is unchanging
Dukkha - "Suffering/Sorrow," "Dissatisfaction/Dis-ease" meaning life can never be fully satisfied
What is the path to Nirvana in Buddhism?
In order to escape samsara, the ever changing world, one must obtain liberation, but nirvana is thought of as existence beyond limitation, an end to the cycle of rebirth.
What is the Soteriological Structure in Buddhism
In order to achieve Nirvana, one must follow the Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path - the steps that lead toward liberation from suffering and reality, Dukkha.
What are the similarities and differences among the three major divisions of Buddhism: Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana?
Mahayana, with compassion at its center, may cause a person in deep compassion to refrain from entering nirvana in order to be reborn and help others.
In Mahayana and Vajrayana, a mantra is chanted or written to bring power and wisdom through repetition.
Symbolic hand gestures (mudras) on statues of the Buddha are common throughout all forms of Buddhism