This emperor weakened Germany by becoming embroiled in Italy's affairs and spending little time in Germany
king appointing bishops
Pope Gregory VII banned this practice
Under the Concordat of Worms, this person had the sole right to invest bishops with fiefs
The Muslims acquired and passed on a range of ideas and technologies through...
Invent new technologies
Because of its strong central government, China under the Tang and Song dynasties was able to...
The Native Americans
By 1250, contact had occurred among Africans, Europeans, and Asians, but not...
Achieve religious unity
Isabella set up the Inquisition in an attempt to...
the "Divine Comedy"
An example of medieval literature that takes the reader on a journey into hell
A disease spread by rats
The Black Death was caused by
Landowners converted croplands to sheep raising as a result of...
the Babylonian Captivity
One indication of the turmoil experienced by the Church in the late Middle Ages is...
During the Hundred Years' War, the French took advantage of new weaponry such as...