the reoccurance of intial constant sounds
narrative in which literal meaning corresponds directly to symbolic meaning
repetition of word(s) for meaning at the beginning of consecutive sentences
something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time
concise statement of insight or wisdom
"Early to bed, early to rise"
Addressing something that cannot answer, eg tombstone
repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sequence of nearby words
the clash of discordant or harsh sounds within a sentence or phrase
phrase describing a prominent feature of a person or thing. "Lying, dark sea"
the substitution of a mild or less negative word or phrase for a harsh or blunt one
place two items side by side to create an effect, reveal an attitude, or accomplish a purpose
a form of understatement in which a statement is affirmed by negating its opposite
the substitution of one term for another that is generally associated with it
quality in literature that evokes high emotion, sorrow, pity
a form of metonymy in which a part of an entity is used to refer to the whole, eg wheels to a car, sails to a boat, suits to businessmen
the use of one kind of sensory experience to describe another
"Thirst for viewing paintings"
"Heard melodies are sweet" (John Keats)
Irony - verbal
use of a statement that, by context, implies its opposite
Irony - situational
what is expected to happen is different than the outcome
Irony - dramatic
the audience or reader knows something that the characters do not
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
shows that words have been omitted (...)
an abrupt change within a sentence from one syntactic structure to another
conjunctions are omitted, producing a fast paced and rapid prose
Lots of conjunctions
the anticipation, in adjectives or nouns, of the result of the action of a verb; also, the positioning of a relative clause before its antecedent
when the speaker or writer deliberately stops short and leaves something unexpressed, but yet obvious, to be supplied by the imagination
the reversal of the normal order of words
a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed ("Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary.")
reframes/redefines argument (It's not this, it's that)
the juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas to give a feeling of balance
A repetition of a word or phrases at the end of a line
repetition of the final words of a sentence or line at the beginning of the next
repeats the beginning word of a clause or sentence at the end
"To each the boulders that have fallen to each" (Robert Frost)
When a word is used with two adjacent words in the same construction, but only makes literal sense with one of them
a single subject governs several verbs or verbal constructions (opposite of zeugma)
a construction in which one word is used in two different senses
ad hominem attacks
making personal attacks instead of sticking to the argument
drawing conclusions based on insufficient or unrepresentative evidence
any diversion intended to distract attention from the main issue
post hoc reasoning
because one event follows another, the first must be the cause of the second
assuming that one event was caused by another simply because the events were close to each other in time
The use of deliberately old-fashioned language.
A novel or story whose theme is the moral or psychological growth of the main character.
a fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor
repetition of consonant sounds
speaking directly to the audience
The appeal of a text to the credibility and character of the speaker, writer, or narrator
any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds
an appeal based on logic or reason
surprise or unexpected ending of a phrase or series.
deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises
needless repetition of an idea by using different but equivalent words; a redundancy
the character flaw or error of a tragic hero that leads to his downfall
Two short syllables followed by a long one; two unstressed and a stressed
type of pun in which one part of speech is substituted for another
"The thunder would not peace at my bidding" (King Lear)
combination of metaphors producing contradictory images
"The company left mountains of debt in its wake"
pun in which one word is repeated in two different senses
"Argument is sound, all sound"
corresponding clauses are exactly equal in length
"I think your wife be honest and thinks she is not, and thou art just when thou thinks you are not"
correspondence of words within successes or