two words that sound similar
when the last word in one line rhymes with the last word in another line
when a word at the beginning or middle of on one line rhymes with a word in the middle or at the end of the same line
the repetition of a consonant sound in words that are close together EX: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables; the beat of a poem
ignores meter and has no distinct rhyme scheme; sounds more like a regular conversation
the pattern of a rhyme EX: a, a, b, b OR a, b, c, a
figure of speech
used when comparing between unlike things 3 main types: metaphors, similes, personification
refers to the way a speaker is feeling; the feeling or attitude a writer/speaker has toward a subject or character EX: serious, humorous, sarcastic, solemn, etc.
a poem written to honor someone or something of great importance to the speaker, written in a grand, dignified style (praise)
Japanese poem; consists of 3 lines and a total of 17 syllables; 5 syllables each in lines 1 and 3 and 7 syllables in line 2
used by poets to emphasize important ideas, to create mood, or to build suspense
word, phrase, line, or group of lines repeated at intervals
a poem that tells a story and often has a musical quality to it