Sociology Chapter 9

25 terms by mbolli4 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Sociology 2001 Gremillion LSU

Race

a group of people who share a set of characteristics—typically, but not always, physical ones— and are said to share a common bloodline.

Racisim

the belief that members of separate races possess different and unequal traits.

Scientific Racisim

nineteenth-century theories of race that characterize a period of feverish investigation into the origins, explanations, and classifications of race.

ethnocentrism

the belief that one's own culture or group is superior to others and the tendency to view all other cultures from the perspective of one's own.

Ontological Equality

the notion that everyone is created equally in the eyes of god

Social Darwinism

the application of Darwinian ideas to society, namely, the evolutionary "survival of the fittest.

Eugenics

literally meaning "well born," the theory of controlling the fertility of populations to influence inheritable traits passed on from generation to generation

Nativism

movement to protect and preserve indigenous land or culture from the so-called dangerous and polluting effects of new immigrants.

One-drop rule

the belief that "one drop" of black blood makes a person black, a concept that evolved from U.S. laws forbidding miscegenation

Miscgenation

the technical term for multiracial marriage; literally meaning "a mixing of kinds"; it is politically and historically charged—sociologists generally prefer exogamy or outmarriage

Racilization

the formation of a new racial identity, in which new ideological boundaries of difference are drawn around a formerly unnoticed group of people.

Ethncity

one's ethnic quality or affiliation. It is voluntary, self-defined, nonhierarchal, fluid, and multiple, and is based on cultural differences, not physical ones per se.

Symbolic ethnicity

a nationality, not in the sense of carrying the rights and duties of citizenship but identifying with a past or future nationality. For later generations of white ethnics, something not constraining but easily expressed, with no risks of stigma and all the pleasures of feeling like an individual.

Straight-line assimilation

Robert Parks's 1920 universal and linear model for how immigrants assimilate: first they arrive, then they settle in, and finally they achieve full assimilation in a newly homogenous country.

Primordialism

Clifford Geertz's term to explain the persistence of ethnic ties because they are fixed in deeply felt or primordial ties to one's homeland culture.

Pluralism

the presence and engaged coexistence of numerous distinct groups in one society.

Segregation

the legal or social practice of separating people on the basis of their race or ethnicity.

Genocide

The mass killing of a group of people

Subaltern

describes a subordinate, oppressed group of people.

Collective resistance

an organized effort to change a power hierarchy on the part of a less-powerful group in a society.

Prejudice

thoughts and feelings about an ethnic or racial group.

Discrimination

harmful or negative acts (not mere thoughts) against people deemed inferior on the basis of their racial category without regard to their individual merit.

Phrenology

Racial classification based on skull measurements

Gentrification

slums demolished for high value developments, former slum dwellers move to housing projects

Assimilation

Process in which immigrants arrive, settle in, and mimic local behaviors

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set