5th Grade Science Goal 3- Weather EOG Study Guide - Gorton

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5th Grade Science Goal 3- Weather EOG Study Guide - Gorton

Water Cycle

The constant circulation of water between atmosphere, land, and sea by evaporation, precipitation, and percolation through soils and rocks

Precipitation

The formation of rain, snow, or hail from moisture in the air

Evaporation

A process in which something is changed from a liquid to a vapor without its temperature reaching boiling point

Condensation

Tiny drops of water that form on a cold surface such as a window when warmer air comes into contact with it

Transpiration

To lose water vapor from a plant's surface or to give off water vapor through the pores of the skin

Groundwater

Water held underground in soil or permeable rock, often feeding springs and wells

Run-off

Water from rain, snow melt or irrigation that flows over the land surface and is not absorbed into the ground, instead flowing into streams or other surface waters or land depressions

Name 6 stages of the Water Cycle

1. Precipitation
2. Evaporation
3. Condensation
4. Transpiration
5. Groundwater
6. Run-off

Temperature

The heat of something measured on a scale such as the Fahrenheit or Celsius scale

Wind

Air moving through the atmosphere at a speed fast enough to be noticed

Air Pressure

The downward pressure exerted by the weight of the overlying atmosphere

Land Breeze

The breeze that blows from the land toward the sea after sunset

Convection or Convection Cells

A loop of moving fluid (such as air or water) in which the motion results from differences in density caused by differences in temperature

Global Wind Patterns

Winds that blow from the poles, in which they act as a heat transfer system.
Global winds are due to the unequal heating of earth's surface

Global Wind Patterns - 3 types

Trade Winds
Easterlies
Westerlies

Trade Winds

A prevailing tropical wind that blows toward the equator from the northeast in the northern hemisphere or from the southeast in the southern hemisphere. The trade winds are major components of the global weather system

Easterlies

A wind that blows from the east

Westerlies

A wind that blows from the west

Coriolis Effect * Bonus

Deflection relative to Earth caused by Earth's rotation beneath the object. The deflection is to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere

Cirrus

High-altitude wispy cloud: a thin wispy cloud, occurring as narrow bands of tiny ice particles, that forms at the highest and coldest point of the cloud region

Cumulonimbus

Thunder cloud: a tall dark cumulus cloud in the shape of an anvil, often bringing thunderstorms

Cumulus

Large fluffy cloud: a large white or gray cloud with a flat base and a rounded fluffy top, or a mass of such clouds, developing as a result of rising hot air currents

Stratus

Flat cloud formation: a low-lying flat gray cloud formation

Strato-

Meaning low altitude

Cirro-

Meaning high altitude

Alto-

Meaning middle altitude

What goal is next?

Goal 4- Forces and Motion EOG Study Guide

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