5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Ginger (Zingiber officinale) Side Effects
- Ginseng (American or Asian (Panax) ginseng)
- Licorice root extract
- Kava (Piper methysticum)
- Garlic (Allium sativum)
- a CNS depression and arrhythmia at toxic doses
Anti-platelet effects may increase bleeding (might want to stop taking it 2 weeks prior to dental procedure)
- b anxiety, improve sleep
(Don't mix with things that will cause CNS depression)
- c Reduce cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure and inhibit platelet aggregation
- d May reduce growth of canker sores
- e Increasing stamina, regulating glucose, aphrodisiac
5 Multiple choice questions
- Gel is used topically in treatment of burns and wounds.
There have been some work done using these as a mouth rinse. Be careful not to swallow, however, because it has a strong laxative effect
- Available without a prescription
Self-diagnosis and self-prescribing (control over disease + treatment)
Perceived to have fewer side effects, no lethal effects
Lack of health insurance
Other options have not worked
Strong advertising - enhanced immune function, easy weight loss, etc.
Perceived as "natural, safer, and healthier"
- Headache, muscle weakness, water retention, electrolyte imbalance, arrhythmias, heart failure
Limit use to no more than 6 weeks.
- GI upset, headache
- -Periodontitis: weak evidence
-Eczema: modest benefits
-Cardiovascular: limited data appears supportive
-PMS: no likely effect
-Menopause: no effect
-Peripheral Neuropathy: benefited patients with well-controlled diabetes
5 True/False questions
Popular Herbal Remedies → St. John's Wort
Glucosamine sulfate Side Effects → osteoarthritis, often in combo with chrondroitin
Echinacea (purpura, angustifolia) Side Effects → Hypersensitivity especially in people with severe allergies or allergic to daisies, including ragweed. Do not use in patients taking immunosuppressants or with auto-immune dx, HIV, TB
Ginseng (American or Asian (Panax) ginseng) Side Effects → potential effects on coagulation, do not use in patients taking anti-coagulants, MAO-Is, antipsychotics and hypoglycemics. Not recommended in pregnancy. Risk of serotonin syndrome.
Discontinue 7 days before general anesthesia
St John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) → topically: photosensitivity; oral: can cause mania in patients with bipolar disorder, exacerbate psychosis in schizophrenia, serotonin syndrome in combination with SSRIs; oral: may have MAO-I activity, so avoid tyramine-containing foods (processed meat, red wine, aged cheese, avocados, soy)