Sun-dried bricks used for building.
Person of European parents in the Americas.
A flat-topped plateau or tableland with steep sides.
Spanish, meaning person "from the peninsula" of Iberia, where Spain and Portugal are located.
The act of sailing or flying around an area.
A system where debtors must work for their creditors until their debts are paid.
Spanish word for "Conqueror"
A sticky substance found in some evergreen trees, coal tar, and petroleum.
A fleet of ships.
Before the exploration and conquest of the Americas by Europeans.
A large, heavily armed ship used for trading and war.
A governor of a colony ruling as the representative of the king.
A plant used for making blue dye.
Who was Ferdinand Magellan and what did he do?
He was a portuguese navigator and he discovered Cape Horn.
What were the Spanish looking for in South America?
They were looking for the source of the Great Rivers.
What were the English looking for?
They were looking for the Northwest Passage.
What were the French looking for?
They were looking for rivers.
What areas did the French control?
Canada, United States, and the Caribbean.
What areas did the English control?
United States and Islands on the Caribbean Sea.
What areas did the Dutch control?
What areas did the Russians control?
Alaska and California
What areas did the Portuguese control?
Florida to South America.
What areas did the Spanish control?
From Florida to South America and Latin America.
WHat was a governor-king?
The third highest in rank.
What was the social structure of Spain and Portugal?
The kings and nobles on the upper class and almost everyone else was a commoner. They were divided in the upper and lower classes.
What were the lowest classes in society.
Slaves and Indians (Natives)
Intermarriages caused what?
It caused many combinations.
What were the two choices woman had?
Women had the choices of either being a nun or getting married.
Who was Jouana Ines de la Cruz?
She was the most famous spanish speaking poet of the late 1600's
What happened to the native population?
It dropped to a mere 4 million.
How did Europeans kill the need for labor?
Enslaved africans could be bought and sold. (They found a new source of workers)
How did the Spanish treat the Natives differently than the Africans?
The Natives could be forced to work on farmland or in a mine but could not be bought and sold.
What were the first landholdings in Spanish America called and how did they work?
They were called encomiendas and it acquired more than land, the owner got the labor of the Native Americans who lived on it.
What were the goals of the Spanish and Portuguese in America?
They wanted to pap the wealth.
What did missionaries do in Latin America?
They preached religion, healed the sick, and set up schools.
What was Father Bartolome de la Casas?
He was outspoken and made the suggestion to use slaves then he regretted it.
What are the traits of the Unique Latin American Culture?
They were Spain, Portugal, Pre-Colombian amenea, and Africa.
What American traits did the Pennsulares and Criollos adapt?
Many of the foods and customs of Natives.
How was religion blended?
Juan Diago had a vision of a brown skinned virgin Mary at a temple where the Aztecs worship.
What contributions did Africans make to Latin AMerican Society?
They made the contributions to a new culture that they took from Latin American, like brought food and music.
What determined who ruled in a particular area?
The military force would decide who ruled.
What are 'sea dogs' and what did they do?
They were pirates and they harassed the Spaniards.
What was the name of the period in Europe when people were interested in learning?
Name the two countries in competition for European power
England and Spain
What did Sir Walter Raleigh convince Queen Elizabeth to do?
He convinced her to give him the ships to go to the New World.
Name the three things Amadas and Barlowe found in America.
Indians, game, and plants
What happened to the 15 men Grenville left on Roanoke Island?
Who was made governor of the 1587 Roanoke Island Colony?
Who were the Croatoans?
Natives that lived on an island south of roanoke.
Name te first English Child born in America.
Why did Governor White return to England?
Because of winter and bad weather would be coming.
Why did it take White three years to return to Roanoke?
Because Queen Elizabeth needed her ships to fight the spanish.
What did White find when he returned to Roanoke
A fire in the woods on the northern end of the island.
What clues did White find?
CRO carved on a tree and croatoan carved in a wooden fence post.
When Thomas Gates landed in Virginia in 1610, he found. .
60 out of 700 colonist dying.
Walter Raleigh sent John White to Roanoke in order to . .
run and resettle the colony.
The Virginia Company charter authorized . .
Settlers to settle between NC and Potomac River.
Captain John Smith was an effective leader because he. .
Set up stern rules that if you don't wor, you don't eat.
Jamestown began to prosper when the colonists. .
Began to grow and sell tabacco.
The Virginia House of Burgesses was important because. .
it made laws for the colony.