A variable that is caused or influenced by another.
An experiment that's compared to a standards, or control- an exact duplicate of the experiment except for the condition of the one variable being tested. Any difference in outcome between the experiment and the control can be attributed to the effect of the independent variable.
Drawing a conclusion from initial definitions and assumptions by means of logical reasoning.
The ability to be disproved
A group not exposed to the manipulated variable in the experiment so that it can be compared with other groups exposed to the manipulated variable
a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.
When what is observed about a particular thing is agreed on by all, or almost all
An explanation set forth in a manner that can be tested and is capable of being disproved.
A variable that is controlled or manipulated by the researcher.
Drawing a general conclusion from a limited set of specific observations.
Generalization that arises from a set of observations.
A factor or condition that is intentionally changed in an experiment.
A deliberately simplified explanation, often physical, mathematical, pictorial, or computer- simulated, of complex phenomena or processes.
Information obtained through one or more of the five senses or through instruments that extend the senses.
Definitions that tell you what you need to look for or do in order to carry out an operation, such as measuring, constructing, or manipulating.
Initial definitions and assumptions
The relative probability that an event will occur
Ideas that are claimed to have scientific validity, but are inherently untestable and/ or lack empirical support and/ or were arrived at through faulty reasoning or poor scientific methodology
Data that are distinguished by qualities or attributes that cannot or are not expressed as quantities.
Data that are expressed as numbers or numerical measurements.
One that responds to changes in the manipulated variable.
A set of systematic methods by which scientists investigate natural phenomena, including gathering data, formulating and testing hypothesis, and prediction, a notion, or a belief
A grand scheme that relates and explains many observations and is supported by a great deal of evidence, in contrast to a guess, a hypothesis, a prediction, a notion, or a belief.
Scientific models that offer broad, fundamental explanations of related phenomena and are supported by consistent and extensive evidence
something that is likely to vary