Trabeculectomy is a
Procedure to tx glaucoma
Vitreous normall is
transparent with gel-like consistency
____ is performed to tx an intraocular malignancy such as retinoblastoma and melanoma.
_____ is performed to create a permanent opening in the tear duct for the drainage of tears.
Opthalmic muscle surgery is performed to correct deviation of the eye caused by____
In preperation for the opthalmic procedure entropion, the scrub should have _______ ready
Entropion is the abnormal inversion of the ___
A _____ is a chronic, inflammatory granuloma of the tarsal or meibomian glands
Orbital decompression is most commonly indicated for___
hypothyroidism or Grave's disease
An opthalmic postoperative infection may result in ______
The solution most frequently used to irrigatte the eye is _____
balanced salt solution
The scrub passes the needle holder to the surgeon as though it were ___
Which of the following statements regarding optalmic sutures is true?
Sutures should be handled as little as possible
If Betadine is used for a surgical eye prep, it must be diluted to ___
If the patient's arms are tucked at his or her sides imporperly, this could result in ______
nerve and tissue injury
The operating microscope magnifies the surgical field up to ___
The tissue that refracts light rays as they enter the eye is called the _____
A pigmented contractile membrane composed mainly of muscle tissue is known as the ____
The large posterior cavity of the eyeball is filled with a gel substance called___
The fluid-filled space between the back of the iris and the front of the lens is the ____
Surgical removal of the eyeball after the eye muscles and optic nerve have been severed is called___
A condition in which the crystalline lens of the eye or its capsule, or both, becomes opaque, with consequent loss of vision, is known as ___
Evisceration is contraindicated in malignancies and blind painful eyes because ___
The ciliary nerves are left intact, and the patient will still experience pain
A complication during exenteration may be a puncture of the bony orbit, ___
where a cerebrospinal fluid leak may occur
Healon is a ___
An operation that is performed when the sensory layer of the retina and the pigment epithelium layer become separated from each other is called___
A common technique to repair a retinal detachment is to produce ___ between the detached layers.
The most common cause of vitreous opacity is ___
Clear, watery fluid that fills the anterior and posterior chambers in the front of the eye is called___
Pectoralis myocutaneous deltopectoral flaps provide coverage for ___
soft tissue defects
Which of the following is not a reason to perform a laryngctomy?
Which of the following might be an immediate post-thyroidectomy complication?
unilateral vocal cord paralyssis
To ensure patient safety directly postoperatively, what must accompany the post-thyroidectomy patient to the post-anesthesia recovery unit?
a tracheostomy tray
Earwax is known as ___
A benign epithelial neoplasm characterized by a branching or lobular tumor is caled a ___
The ___ transmits the vibrations of the tympanic membrane and the other ossicles to the inner ear via the oval window
The inner ear, which consists of the cochlea and the labyrinth, connected by the vestibule, is also called the ___
The ___ is used to suction the irrigation and wound fluids or debris during otological procedures.
A shve prep is never done before a ___
Power drills are needed in virtually every ear surgery that involves ___
During procedures on the ear, a pledget may be soaked in an antibiotic sollution if ___
it includes steroids to decrease inflammation
The Glasscock dressing___
comes prepackaged and consists of a plastic "bowl" filled with gauze sponges with gauze sponges with Velcro straps to secure it into place
Myringotomy is performed to alleviate effusion, which is ____
fluid in the middle ear
To begin a myringotomy procedure, the surgeon withll first use a
Myringoplasty is performed to provide ___
closure of the perforated tympanic membraane
The Farrior speculum's size is determined by ___
the diameter and depth of the ear canal
The paired ____ are the large sinuses below the orbitis.
The ____ extends from the posterior choanae ofthe nose to the palate.
Most endoscopic procedures of the nose are performed to treat ____
inflammatory or infectious diseases
Which of the of the following instruments would be used to remove nasal polyps?
At what age is a cochlear implant contraindicated in children?
Under 24 months
A/An ___ is typically done for cosmetic reasons.
Choanal atresia is a congenital disorder in which ____
the posterior choanae fail to develop properly.
Why is it important that the sterile field not be broken down until the patient is wxtubated and out of the room following a tonsillectomy?
The patient may begin to hmorrhage following extubation
The primary reason for performing an adenoidectomy is
Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty is usually done due to the presence of ____
Which of the following procedures are diagnostic?
The neck is traditionally broken down into____
During a tracheostomy, ___ is sent with the patient to his or her room
During setup for a thyroidectomy, the patient's neck is hyperextended. This is done by ____
placing a rolled towel under the patient's neck and shoulders
The ___ enters the mandible on the deep surface of the ramus, providing sensation to the teeth
inferior alveolaar nerve
Facial trauma cases may be repaired using ___
wires, plates, and screws
Why would a patient with a mandible fracture complain of numbness of his or her chin?
The mental nerve provides sensation to the chin
Which of the following instruments would not be found on an ORIF of a fractured mandble?
Arch bars are also called____
A LeFort I Fracture is a
fracture involving the lower maxilla
Because the ___ procedure is typically done on newborn infants, very tiny instrumentation is required
bilateral choanal atresia
Skin grafts that consist of the epidermis and a portion of the papillary dermis are called ___ grafts
Something that is turgid is considered ___
swollen, hard, and/or congested
A plastic procedure that might be done in a surgeon's office is a ___
Which of the following statements about the metacarpals is false?
There are 8 metacarpals
A scab or dry crust caused by a thrmal or chemical burn, infection, or excoriating skin disease is called ___
Which of the following bones do not make up the wrist?
Mineral oil is frequently used during plastic surgery procedures to ___
provide lubrication, which allows the dermatome to glide easily over the graft site
which of the following statements regarding laser resurfacing is not true?
The patient's eyes do not need to be covered as they are colsed
During an upper lid blepharoplasty, the initial incision is made ___
In the supratarsal crease
The transconjunctival approach in lower lid blepharooplasty ___
is used in patients who only require fat pad removal
To perform and open row lift, the surgeon must make ___ incisions
In laseer resurfacing, wet towels are placed around the surgical site to ___
reduce the risk of thermal damage to other tissue
A rhytidectomy is performed to rejuvinate ____ of the aging face
the lower third
The SMAS is imbricated, incised, and plicated during ____
Cheiloplasty is a
Mentoplasty is a
the facial nerve is the ___ cranial nerve
During cheek augmentation, the incision is ___
During a removval of a superficial facial lesion, retraction of the skin edges is done by using ___
double or single skin hooks
Following the removal of a lesion and before sending the lesion to pathology, the surgeon will ask for ___
2-0 silk to mark the lesion
The surgical goal of a scar revision is ____
to improve the appearance of the patient's scar
Grafts that are raised from the donor site but are not immediately severed free are called____
___ burns are characterized by reddened skin and pain.
After debridement of a third-degree burn, an allograft of ____ may be used to cover the wound
banked cadaver skin
Which of the following is the responsibility of the surgical rech in the care of a free graft?
keep the graft in a moist saline-soaked sponge while the surgeon prepares the recipient site
The most common type of syndactaly is ___
The webbing of two otherwise normal digits of the hand
Which of the following statements about palcement of a tourniquet for repair of syndactyly is true?
It is important that the tourniquet be the right size to ensure adequate hemostasis
To prepare your surgical patient for a liposuction, the surgeon will begin by___
injecting large volumes of lidocaine and epinephrine that have been diluted in LR's
The surgical tech should have ready ____ following liposuction
____ best describes one that would be made in a TRAM flap
An elliptical incision in the transverse plain made in the lower abd.
___ is most often used when performing a cleft palate
Which one of the following statements about liposuction is not true?
Prepping the area with a tincture of alcohol and LR's makes the tissue easy to handle and easy to visualize during the procedure
Another name for the malar bone is ___
The anterior portion of the palate is the ___
The lower jawbone is the ___
Which facial muscle allows for closure of the mouth and protrusion of the chin?
what is the source of autogeneous graft material?
The purpose of arch bars is to stabilize the ___ bones
Arch bars are fixed into position with a
why is nasal intubation preferred when arch bar application is anticipated?
To provide access to the oral cavity
Endoscopic viewing of a joint is called
Most LeFort fractures are a result of ____
Which of the following is an action of epinephrine?
The pigment that occurs in the epidermis and absorbs light energy is ___
Which layer contains hair follicles, sweat gland, sebaceous glands, and nerve fibers?
Which layer of skin functions best as a heat insulator?
What burn classification involves only the epidermis?
A burn that destroys the epidermis, dermis, and accessory organs of the skin is a __ burn
What type of graft is skin harvested from a cadiver?
If skin is taken from an unburned area of the patine and used ass a transplant, it is called an
What are the two main arteries that supply the forearm and hand?
radial and ulnar
What medical term refers to the surgical procedure commonly known as a face-lift?
A cosmetic procedure performed on the eyelid is a
Which type of donor skin graft includes the epidermis, dermis, and possibly subcutaneous tissue?
What surgical procedure is performed to remove hypertrophic breast tissuee
Which of the following best describes the area of the skin preparation for a reduction mammoplasty?
chest and breast, chin to ziphoid process including axilla
Which procedure involves an initial skin incision within the hairline beginning in the temporal region superior to the ear?
Which instrument is responsible for expanding the surface are of a skin graft?
Which nerve must be avoided during a rhytidectomy?
All of the following are true for liposuction except that it
can be used as a permanent means of weight loss
Which statement regarding an abdominoplasty is NOT true
Abdominoplasty is the removal of abdominal fat in a patient who is obese
Which incision is usually employed for an abdominoplasty?
The main reason for using mineral oil during procurement of a skin graft using a dermatome is to ___
What is applied to a skin graft for lubrication to allow for a dermatome to easily pass over the skin?
Which surgical procedure is performed to improve the cosmetic appearance ofthe chin by correcting micrognathia?
The congenital absence of part or all of the ear is known as ___
Which plastic surgical procedure is considered a "clean" and not sterile procedure?
Which type of flap allows the tissue to be transferred to remain attached to its blood supply?
The term used to describe the location behind the globe is ___
A small lump on the inner or outer surface of the eyelid caused by an inflammatory reaction of material trapped inside an oil secreting gland is called a
What condition is characterized by excess pressure of the aqueous humor
what procedure is performed to open blocked tear ducts?
lacrimal duct dilation
Recession or resection os the surgical treatment for
BSS is used intraoperatively to ___
irrigate the cornea
Which skin layer contains blood vessels to aid in the regulation of body temperature?
What medical term refers to the condition in which the digits of the hands or feet fail to separate?
Which statement regarding the aging process is NOT true?
The aging process is slowed by exposure to the sun
The anterior portion of the palate that consists of the palantine process of each maxilla and palantine bones is known as the
which artery provides blood to the medial side of the forearm?
what is the condition in which there is a lack of tone or relaxation of the eyelid skin, causing the lid to appear thin and wrinkled?