Abnormal: Exam 1
|Lola is in therapy for treatment of panic disorder which her therapist believes stems from childhood experiences. In their work together Lola's therapist often has Lola say words that come to her mind without thinking about them beforehand. Lola's therapist is using the technique of __________ and probably working from a __________ perspective.||free association; psychodynamic|
|Billy's mother has a history of depression. Billy was often taunted by other kids as a child. Billy tends to process things in such a way that he attends more to negative information than positive information. Which of the following pairs does NOT correctly match up a factor with the correct path?||mother's depression; psychological|
|Experience of rapid breathing, fear of death and increased heart rate are symptoms of:||panic disorder|
|The study of abnormal psychology seeks to ________ abnormal behavior.||describe, explain, predict, and control|
|________ refers to the degree to which a test will yield the same results repeatedly under the same circumstances.||reliability|
|The extent to which a test or procedure actually performs the function it was designed to perform||Validity|
|Requires that those who administer a test strictly follow common rules or procedures.||Standardization|
|Which of the following is NOT a critique of IQ tests:||All ARE:|
They aren't a measure of innate intelligence, but a reflection of cultural and social differences;
They don't have good predictive validity, i.e., they don't predict future outcomes;
Critics don't agree on what criteria IQ scores should be able to predict;
Intelligence is NOT a single factor, but multifaceted
|The Rorschach Inkblot Test is an example of a ________, which often include ambiguous stimuli.||Projective Test|
|________ models emphasize the role of learning in abnormal behavior.||Behavioral|
|_________ are intrusive, repetitive thoughts or images that produce anxiety and __________ refer to the need to perform acts or to dwell on thoughts to reduce anxiety.||Obsessions; Compulsions|
|Which of the following statements are true about gender differences in anxiety disorders?||Women are more frequently diagnosed than men with all anxiety disorders except for OCD.|
|________, a demonstrated effective treatment for phobias, involves gradually exposing a client to a feared stimulus while working with them to build skills to cope with facing the feared stimuli.||systematic desensitization|
|________ suggests that an individual can learn new behaviors simply by watching other people perform them.||Observational learning theory|
|According to therapists working from the cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) perspective, ________ which involves identifying and changing irrational thoughts, is critical to their work with clients.||Cognitive restructuring|
|Bob is worried about most things, most of the time. He worries about what other people think about him, having enough time to do his schoolwork, and whether he will be able to be successful in life. The diagnosis that probably best fits Bob's symptoms is:||Generalized Anxiety Disorder|
|Tyler's therapist believes that his depressive symptoms result from his belief that he is no good and his internal dialogue, in which he is constantly telling himself no one likes him. Tyler's therapist is probably working from a ________ perspective.||Cognitive|
|Dot's therapist believes that her difficulties stem from behaviors learned through watching other and have her negative habits reinforced. Her therapist is probably working from the ________ perspective.||Behavioral|
|We believe that the Beck Depression Inventory is actually a good measure of depression. Therefore, we say that it is:||Valid|
|People taking ___________ will likely have a hard time knowing how to give a "good" answer.||Projective personality tests|
|Sandy has a routine. Every night before bed, she must check her front and back doors 3 times each to make sure they are locked. She brushes her hair 33 times every morning and every night and washer her hands every 30 minutes throughout the day. She is exhibiting signs of:||Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder|
|The ________ model focuses on irrational beliefs and maladaptive thought processes as sources of difficulty.||Cognitive|
|________ refers to the onset or occurrence of a given disorder over some period of time.||Incidence|
|Which of the following statements is true?|
Mentally disturbed people can never be cured.
Mentally disturbed people cannot always be recognized by their deviant behavior.
People with mental illness can never contribute anything of worth to society.
Mentally disturbed people are unstable and potentially dangerous.
|Mentally disturbed people cannot always be recognized by their deviant behavior.|
| Which of the following is NOT a contemporary trend in abnormal psychology?|
The push by psychologists for prescription privileges.
Development of managed health care.
The influence of multicultural psych.
A decreased appreciation for research in abnormal psych.
|A decreased appreciation for research in abnormal psych.|