A series of arches supported by columns, piers, or
pillars, either freestanding or attached to a wall to form a gallery.
A public building of ancient Rome having a central nave with an apse at one or both ends and two side aisles formed by rows of columns, which was used as a courtroom or assembly hall.
Or... A Christian church building of a similar design, having a nave with a semicircular apse, two or four side aisles, a narthex, and a clerestory.
The sculptured block that tops a column. According to the conventions of the orders, capital includes different decorative elements.
a recessed decorative panel that is used to reduce the weight of and decorate ceiling vaults. The use of coffers is called coffering.
The point were the nave and transept cross
A round vault usually over a circular space. Consist of a curved masonry vault of shapes and cross sections that can vary from hemispherical to bulbous to ovoidal. May use a supporting vertical wall (drum), from which the vault springs, and maybe crowned by an open space (oculus) and/or exterior lantern...
The wall that supports a dome. Also a segment of a circular shaft of a column
The face/front of a building
A turretlike structure situated on a roof,vault or dome with windows to allow light into the space below.
church plan based on the basilica type, in its layout resembling a cruciform shape (a long nave & 3 shorter arms (in contrast to a centralized Greek cross plan)
Italian term for covered open-air
the center of a bascilia, two or three stories high and usually flanked by aisles.
In architecture, a circular opening. Oculi are found either as a window or at the apex of a dome. When at the top of the dome, an oculus is either opened to the sky or covered by a decorative exterior lantern.
A system of proportions in Classical architecture that include every aspect of a building's plan elevation,and decorative system.Corinthian, Composite, Doric, Ionic
A grey Tuscan limestone used in Florence
In the building the rough, irregular, and unfinished effect deliberately given to the exterior facing of the stone edifice. Rusticated stones are often large and used for decorative emphasis around doors/window/across lower floors of buildings. Also a masonry construction with conspicuous, often beveled joints.
Decoration made by cutting away at the surface layer of a material to reveal a different color beneath.
the arm of a cruciform church, perpendicular to the nave. The point were the nave and transept cross called the crossing. Beyond that point lies the sanctuary, whether apse, choir or chevet
A method of rending the effect of spatial distance by subtle variations in color and clarity
The illusions created on a flat surface in which figures annd objects appear to recede or project sharply into space. Accomplished according to the perspective.