← Pastoral Epistles Test
2 Written Questions
1 Multiple Choice Question
- 1. 1 Timothy
• Purpose: Paul writes to his protégé, Timothy, to encourage and instruct him in the faithful exercise of his pastoral ministry against false teachers in Ephesus.
2. 2 Timothy
• Purpose: Paul writes to Timothy, to urge him to endure suffering in the battle against false teachers at Ephesus, and to ask Timothy to visit him at Rome.
• Purpose: To encourage Titus to equip church leaders on Crete, to counter false teachings and to instruct all believers in Christian conduct.
1 True/False Question
Similarities → 1. Issues with Authorship
• Majority of people deny that these epistles were written by Paul
1a. Differences in style and vocabulary
• Faith - belief and trust in Jesus Christ
• Law - the Jewish law, Torah
1b. Presence of highly developed leadership structure
• Paul lays out leadership structure for elders and deacons
1c. Use of Gnostic elements by opponents
• Some argue that these elements are seen in Timothy (do not be involved in such physical things) 1 Tim 4:3
1d. Lack of continuity with Acts
2. Traditional Pauline Chronology - Traditional View
2a. Paul's release from house arrest
2b. Evidence for Spanish mission
• 1 Clement 5: Owing to envy, Paul also obtained the reward of patient endurance, after being seven times thrown into captivity, compelled to flee, and stoned. After preaching both in the east and west, he gained the illustrious reputation due to his faith, having taught righteousness to the whole world, and come to the extreme limit of the west, and suffered martyrdom under the prefects. Thus was he removed from the world, and went into the holy place, having proved himself a striking example of patience.
o "extreme limit of the west" - evidence that Paul went to Spain
• Muratorian Canon: (34) Moreover, the acts of all the apostles (35) were written in one book. For 'most excellent Theophilus' Luke compiled (36) the individual events that took place in his presence — (37) as he plainly shows by omitting the martyrdom of Peter (38) as well as the departure of Paul from the city [of Rome] (39) when he journeyed to Spain.
3. Alternative Views
3a. Non-Pauline, Post-Martyrdom AD 62
3b. Pauline, Premartyrdom