Heat Vocabulary

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Absolute Zero

Zero kelvin

Alcohol

Red liquid used in thermometers

Calorie

English unit equal to 4.19 kilojoules

calorimeter

instrument to measure heat

celcius

water freezes at 0 on this scale

condensation

change from a gas to a liquid

conduction

transfer of heat through solids

contract

most substances ____ when cooled

convection

transfer of heat in liquids or gases

delta

sign that means change in

density

at 4 degrees water has its greatest ____

evaporation

change from a liquid to a gas

expand

most substances ___ when heated

Fahrenheit

water boils at 212 degrees on this scale

fusion

for water it is 333kj - heat of

infrared

heat is transferred by these rays

joule

metric unit of work or energy

kelvin

absolute zero is 0 on this scale

mercury

liquid metal used in thermometers

pressure

effects the boiling point of water

radiation

transfer of energy by waves of rays

specific heat

heat requires to raise temperature of 1 kj to l Celsius

temperature

indicates average speed of molecules

thermometer

instrument to measure temperature

vaporization

for water it is 2260 kj - heat of

-273

absolute zero on Celsius scale

-459

absolute zero of Fahrenheit

0

water freezes at ____ Celsius

32

water freezes at this ____ Fahrenheit

37

body temperature is ____ Celsius

98.6

body temperature is ____ Fahrenheit

100

water boils at ___ Celsius

212

water boils at ___ Fahrenheit

273

water freezes at ____ kelvin

310

body temperature is ___ kelvin

373

water boils at ____ kelvin

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