aveolus; air sac
Refers to withdrawing fluid from a body cavity using suction.
Abnormal breathing pattern in which there are long periods (10 to 60 seconds) of apnea followed by deeper, more rapid breathing.
The abnormal widening and thickening of the ends of the fingers and toes associated with chronic oxygen deficiency
To cough up blood or blood-stained sputum
To breath too fast (tachypnea)
To breath too slow (bradypnea)
Two-pronged plastic device for delivering oxygen into the nose; one prong inserted into each naris
A term to describe dyspnea that is worsened by lying flat.
Open or unblocked, such as a patent airway.
Use of the fingertips to tap on a surface to determine the condition beneath the surgace.
Thick mucus secreted by the membranes that line the respiratory tract
Grating sound made when the two layers of the pleura rub together during respiration.
Somewhat musical sound during expiration, often found in asthma or infection.
Mucus or phlegm that is coughed up from the lining of the respiratory tract.
Harsh, high-pitched, noisy breathing sound made when there is an obstruction of the bronchus or larynx. Found in conditions such as croup in children.
Acute respiratory condition found in infants and children that is characterized by a barking type of cough or stridor
Bacterial upper respiratory infection characterized by the formation of a membranous film across the throat and a high mortality rate.
Commonly called whooping cough
Disease caused by various conditions, like allergens, and resulting in constriction of the bronchial ways, dyspnea, coughing, and wheezing.
The abnormal enlargement of bronchi; may be the result of a lung infection
Malignant tumor originating in the bronchi.
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
Acute respiratory failure in adults characterized by tachypnea, dyspnea, cyanosis, tachycardia, and hypoxemia.
A type of pneumoconiosis that develops from the collection of coal dust in the lung.
A type of pneumoconiosis that develops from the collection of asbestos fibers in the lung
Condition in which the alveoli in a portion of the lung collapse, preventing the respiratory exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Progressive, chronic, and usually irreversible group of conditions, like enphysema, in which the lungs have a diminished capacity for inspiration (inhalation) and expiration (exhalation).
Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
Hereditary condition causing the exocrine glands to malfunction.
Pulmonary condition characterized by the destruction of the walls of the alveoli, resulting in fewer overexpanded air sacs.
Pulmonary infection caused by the fungus Histoplasma Capsulatum,found in dust and in the droppings of pigeons and chickens.
Viral infection of the respiratory system characterized by fever, chills, body aches, and fatigue. AKA the flu.
Severe often fatal bacterial infection where u get pneumonia, liver, and kidney damage.
A less severe but longer lasting form of pneumonia caused by the Mycoplasma pneumoniae bacteria. Also called walking pneumonia.
Condition resulting from inhaling environmental particles that become toxic, such as coal dust (anthracosis), or asbestos (asbestosis).
Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia
(PCP) Pneumonia with a nonproductive cough, very little fever, and dyspnea. Seen in persons with weakened immune systems, such as patients with AIDS.
Inflammatory condition of the lung, which can be caused by bacterial and viral infections, diseases, and chemicals.
Condition in which lung tissue retain an excessive amount of fluid. Results in labored breathing.
Blood clot or air bubble in the pulmonary artery or one of its branches.
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
Disease seen in children born with a nonfunctioning immune system; often forced to live in sealed sterile rooms.
Form of respiratory disease resulting from the inhalation of silica (quartz) dust. Considered an occupational disease.
(TB) Infectious disease caused by the tubercle bacillus, Myocobacterium tuberculosis. Most commonly affects the respiratory system and causes inflammation and calcification of the system. Tuberculosis is again on the uprise and is seen in many patients who have AIDS.
Pus within the pleural space, usually the result of infection.
Abnormal presence of fluid or gas in the pleural cavity. Physicians can detect the presence of fluid by tapping the chest (percussion) or listening with a stethoscope (auscultation).
Inflammation of the pleura.
Collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity, which can result in the collapse of a lung.
Arterial Blood Gases
(ABG) Lab test that measures the amount of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen in the blood, and the pH.
Test performed on sweat to determine the level of chloride. There is an increase in skin chloride in the disease cystic fibrosis.