SOCIOLOGY EXAM 2 part 1.

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What might a sociologist say about why an individual chooses a particular person to marry?

This shows that the social world guides human behavior.

Which discipline defines itself as "the systematic study of human society"?

SOCIOLOGY

Peter Berger described using the sociological perspective as seeing the __________in the __________.

general; particular

The pioneering sociologist who studied patterns of suicide in Europe was

Emile Durkheim.

In the United States today, the suicide rate is highest for which of these categories of people?

white males

People in which of the following categories are most likely to make use of the sociological perspective?

gay or disabled persons

Which of the following statements is TRUE?

Global understanding is important to college students because eight of ten new U.S. jobs involve international trade.

Which of the following historical changes is NOT one of the factors that stimulated the development of the discipline of sociology?

the founding of the Roman Catholic church

Sociology differs from earlier philosophy by focusing on

how society actually operates

The term "sociology" was coined in 1838 by

Auguste Comte

Why have sociologists not identified "laws of society" that allow us to predict individual human behavior

Because human behavior is both complex and spontaneous.

A statement of how and why specific facts are related is called a

theory

If we state that children raised in single-parent families are at high risk of being single parents themselves, we have constructed a __________ of family life.

theory

What is the term for a basic image of society that guides thinking and research?

theoretical paradigm

Which term is used to describe relatively stable patterns of social behavior?

social structure

Social structures sometimes have negative consequences for the operation of society as a whole. What is the sociological term for these negative consequences?

social dysfunctions

The recognized and intended consequences of a social pattern are referred to as

manifest functions

Unrecognized and unintended consequences of the social structure are called

latent functions

Which question summarizes the focus of the symbolic-interaction paradigm?

How do people experience society?

Science can be defined as

a logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.

Sociologists use the term "empirical evidence" to refer to

information people can verify with their senses.

The text defines which of the following terms as "a mental construct that represents some part of the world in a somewhat simplified form"?

a variable

What process involves deciding exactly what is to be measured when assigning value to a variable?

operationalization

wo variables are said to display correlation if

they vary together

The ideal of objectivity means that a researcher

must adopt a stance of personal neutrality toward the outcome of the research.

The method of sociological research best suited to identifying cause-and-effect relationships is

the experiment

Which research method asks subjects to respond to a series of items in a questionnaire or an interview?

survey

According to sociologists, human behavior is the product of "free will." T or F

False

The sociological perspective reveals that people's lives are mostly a result of what they decide to do. T or F

False

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