APUSH Ch35

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Ch35 : Franklin D Roosevelt and the Shadow of War 1933-1941

London Conference

International economic conference on stabilizing currency that was sabotaged by FDR

Philippines

Nation to which the US promised independence in the Tydings-Mcduffie Act of 1934

Neutrality Acts

A series of laws enacted by Congress in the mid-1930s that attempted to prevent any American involvement in future overseas wars

Spanish Civil War

Conflict between the rebel Fascist forces of General Francisco Franco and the Loyalist government that severely tested US neutrality legislation

Quarantine Speech

Roosevelt's 1937 speech that proposed strong US measures against overseas aggressors

Munich

European diplomatic conference in 1938 where Britain and France conceded to Hitler's demands for Czechoslovakia

Committee to Defend America by Aiding Allies

Leading US group advocation American support for Britain in the fight against Hitler

America First Committee

Leading isolationist group advocating that America focus on continental defense and non-involvement with the European war

Lend-Lease Law

Controversial 1941 law that made America the "arsenal of democracy" by providing supposedly temporary military material assistance to Britain

Soviet Union

Communist nation invaded by Hitler in June 1941 that was also aided by American lend-lease

Atlantic Charter

US-Britain agreement of August 1941 to promote democracy and establish a new international organization for peace

Pearl Harbor

Major American Pacific naval base devastated in a surprise attack in December 1941

Cordell Hull

FDR's secretary of state, who promoted reciprocal trade agreements, especially with Latin America

Adolf Hitler

Fanatical Fascist leader of Germany whose aggressions forced the US to abandon its neutrality

Benito Mussolini

The lesser partner of the Rome-Berlin Axis who invaded Ethiopia and joined the war against France and Britain

Gerald Nye

Instigator of the 1934 Senate hearings that castigated WWI munitions manufacturers as "merchants of death"

Francisco Franco

Fascist rebel against the Spanish Loyalist government

Ethiopia

African nation invaded by an Italian dictator in 1935

Czechoslovakia

Small East European democracy betrayed into Hitler's hands at Munich

Poland

East European nation whose Sept 1939 invasion by Hitler set off WWII in Europe

France

Nation whose sudden fall to Hitler in 1940 pushed the US closer to direct aid to Britain

Charles A Lindbergh

Leader of the "America First" organization and chief spokesman for the US isolationism

Wendell Willkie

Dynamic dark horse Republican presidential nominee who attacked FDR only on domestic policy

Winston Churchill

Courageous prime minister who led Britain's lonely resistance to Hitler

Joseph Stalin

Russian dictator who first helped Hitler destroy Poland before becoming a victim of Nazi aggression in 1941

Iceland

North Atlantic nation near whose waters US destroyers came under Nazi submarine attack

Hawaii

Site of a naval base where Japan launched a devastating surprise attack on the US

FDR's refusal to support international economic cooperation in the 1930s deepened...

The worldwide Depression and aided the rise of Fascist dictators

Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy brought...

New respect for the US and for democracy in Latin America

Bad memories of WWI and revelations about arms merchants promoted...

US isolationism and the passage of several Neutrality Acts in the mid-1930s

The US Neutrality Acts of the 1930s actually aided...

Fascist dictators in carrying out their aggressions in Ethiopia, Spain, and China

Japanese aggression against China in 1937 prompted FDR...

To make his "Quarantine Speech", proposing strong action against aggressors

Hitler's invasion of Poland caused...

The US to institute a "cash-and-carry" policy for providing aid to Britain

The fall of France in 1940 shocked...

The US into enact ion conscription and making the "destroyers-for-bases" deal

Willkie's support for FDR's pro-British foreign policy kept...

The 1940 presidential campaign form becoming a bitter national debate

The US embargo on oil and other supplies from Japan forced Japan...

To either accept US demands regarding China or go to war

Roosevelt's decision to convoy lend-lease shipments thrust...

The US into an undeclared naval war with Nazi German in the North Atlantic

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