Some books refer to this type of lesion as vascular lesions
tertiary or third
are lesions in the early stages of development or change.
A closed abnormally developed sac containing fluid infection or other matter above or below the skin. An acne cyst is one type of cyst.
A flat spot or discoloration on the skin such as a freckle *(Flatcule)
These are often referred to as tumors but they are smaller bumps caused by conditions such as scar tissue, fatty deposits, or infections.
An inflamed papule with a white or yellow center containing pus, a fluid consisting of white blood cells, bacteria, and other debris produced from an infection.
An itchy , swollen lesion caused by a blow, insect bite, skin allergy reaction, or stings. Hives & mosquito bites are wheals.
Hives are called
Urticaria can be caused by
exposure to allergens used in products
A skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.
A thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue (collagen)
Shredding of dead skin cells; flaky skin cells; any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily. An example is abnormal or excessive dandruff or psoriasis.
Light colored slightly raised mark o the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed. The tissue hardens to heal the injury. Thick elevated scars are hypertrophic like a keloid.
What is an open comedo also known as?
Also called whiteheads, whitish, pearl like masses of sebum and dead cels under the skin with no visible opening.
They are often doughnut shaped with sebaceous material in the center. They cannot be removed by extraction, only surgically.
It is often characterized by inflammation, dry or oily scaling or crusting and or itchiness.
is caused by bacteria and yeast that break down the sweat on the surface of the skin. (Stinky)
Prickly heat; acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands.
The medical term for itching
A skin disease characterized by red patches covered with white silver scales. usually found on the scalp, knees, chest, elbows and lower back.
An allergic reaction by the body's histamine production: AKA hives
Name some allergies from chemicals commonly seen in the salon:
On practitioners fingers, palms or on the back of the hand.
On practitioners face especially the cheeks
On clients scalp, hairline, forehead and neckline
Irritant Contact Dermatitis
Irritating substances will temporarily damage the epidermis. Caustic substances are examples of irritants. When skin is damaged by irritants, it floods the tissue with water, trying to dilute the irritant.
Abnormal pigmentation is also referred to as
What influences pigmentation disorders of a person?
Overproduction of pigment is called?
Lack of pigment is known as?
What is an example of a vascular type of nevus?
A port wine stain (birthmark)
A birthmark or mole ; malformation of the skin from abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries.
The absence of melanin pigment in the body
Light, abnormal patches caused by a congenital disease that destroys the pigment producing cells. Vitiligo and Albinism fall into this category.
White sots or areas on the skin from a lack of pigment cells; the condition can worsen with time and sunlight (Michael Jackson)
A wart. Infectious and contagious.
Skin cancer tumors form when cells begin to do what?
Divide rapidly and unevenly.
What percent of the population uses sunscreen?
What percentage of sun exposure occurs before the age of 18?
The effects of photo aging from sun exposure or indoor tanning can be seen as early as what age?
20 or before
Is there a safe way to tan?
Basal Cell Carcinoma
The most common and least severe type of carcinoma. Often appears as light pearly nodules.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
A more serious condition than basal cell carcinoma. Characterized by red or pink scaly papules or nodules. Sometimes open sores or crusty areas that do not heal and may bleed easily.
is the most serious form of skin cancer. Black or dark patches on the skin are usually uneven in texture, jagged or raised.
ABCDE Checklist of Melanoma
Herpes simples virus I
Fever blisters or cold sores, recurring viral infection.
Herpes simplex virus 2
is genital herpes.
Shingles, a painful skin condition from the chickenpox virus, characterized by groups of blisters that form a rash.
A bacterial infection of the skin that often occurs in children (infantigo) Clusters of small blisters or crusty lesions filled with bacteria. Contagious.
Ringworm (highly contagious)
A fungal infection that inhibits melanin production. Hypopigmentation or white patches associated with this sun fungus can be treated with anti fungal cream or medication (shea had this on her face when she was little).
term for the entire follicle that includes the hair, hair shaft, sebaceous gland, and the duct or canal to the surface.
Nodules made up of deep pockets of infection. Skin forms hardened tissue around the infection to stop the spread of bacteria.
Male hormones that stimulate sebaceous glands.
Adult acne is more common in which sex?
Females (due to hormones)
Grade III Acne
Red and inflamed , many comedones, papules and pustules.
Common meds used in the treatment of acne:
*tretinoin (retin A)
*Azelaic Acid (Azelex)
disorder where clients purposely scrape off acne lesions causing scarring.
pink or flesh colored precancerous lesions that feel sharp or rough, usually as the result of sun damage. (act in like cancer- so precancerous)
a deficiency in perspiration
dry scaly skin from sebum deficiency (due to aging, body disorders, alkalies or harsh soaps, or cold exposure)
genetically related to overreactive immune systems. people with nasal allergies and asthma.
Pink eye is also known as:
Bulla (plural bullae)
large blister containing watery fluid .
large circumscribed (encircled) inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue caused by staphylococci similar to a furuncle (boil) but bigger.
increased pigmentation (liver spots) Aunt Chloe has liver spots
tendency to clog follicles and cause buildup of dead skin cells,
an open comedo or blackhead
dead cells form over a wound or blemish while it's healing, resulting in the accumulation of sebum and pus. (A scab okay?)
any inflammatory condition of the skin
physician who treats skin disorders and diseases
branch of science that studies and treats the skin and it's disorders.
inflammatory painful itching disease of the skin, acute or chronic in nature.
swelling caused by a response to injury or infection.
redness caused by inflammation
a crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis (happen lips or hands)
inflammation of the hair follicles
thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinized cells.
an abnormal growth, many are benign or harmless
cells composed of keratin
an acquired, thickened patch of epidermis. (A callus) caused by pressure or friction
redness and bumpiness in the cheeks, or upper arms. caused by blocked follicles.
freckles (lentils) small yellow brown colored spots.
structural changes in tissues caused by damage or injury.
flat spot or discoloration on the skin, like a freckle. They are flat!!!
hyperpigmentation ; pregnancy mask
brownish spot ranging in color from tan to bluish black. some flat, or others are raised and darker.
a pimple; small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus.
an acne-like condition around the mouth. these are mainly small clusters of papules that could be caused by toothpaste or products used on the face
are lesions in the early stages of development or change. Are characterized by flat, non-palpable changes in skin color - such as macules - or by elevations formed by fluid in a cavity, such as vesicles or pustules.
Razor bumps without the pus or infection
Primary lesion,an inflamed papule with a white or yellow center containing pus. (acne,carbuncles)
hereditary factor in which dead skin cells do not shed from the follicles as they do on normal skin
Inflammation of the skin; chronic congestion primarily on the cheeks and nose. Characterized by redness, dilation of blood vessels, and in severe cases, the formation of papules and pustules.
flakey skin cells, any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily. an example is abnormal or excessive dandruff
Similar to open comedones, mainly solidified impaction of oil without the cell matter
Benign lesions frequently seen in the oilier areas of the face. Over-growths of the sebaceous glands appear similar to open comedones - doughnut shaped.
severe oiliness of the skin; an abnormal secretion from the sebaceous glands
skin damage, developed in the later stages of disease that changes the structure of tissues or organs
Small outgrowths or extensions of the skin that look like flaps
brown or wine-colored discoloration. stains occur after certain diseases, or after moles, freckles, or liver spots disappear. a port wine stain is a birthmark, which is a vascular type of nevus
A sebaceous cyst or subcutaneous tumor filled with sebum and ranging in size from a pea to an orange,usually appears:scalp,neck,back,also called a wen.
Change in pigmenation of skin caused by exposure to the sun or ultraviolet rays.
Describes capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger; or distended blood vessels. Commonly called couperose skin.
Ringworm. Small round, red, scaly, itchy patch of skin on the trunk.
Abnormal rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin; larger than a papule.
Open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth.
dilation of a blood vessel
small blister or sac containing clear fluid. poison ivy and poison oak produce these.
Intchy swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours; caused by a blow, the bite of an insect, urticaria, or the sting of a nettle.