a substance that produces H+ (hydrogen ions, protons) or H3O+ (hydronium ions) as the only positive ions in solution
*See Table K
a substance that produces OH- (hydroxide ions) as the only negative ions in solution
*See Table L
alternate definition of acid
a proton (H+) DONOR
alternate definition of base
a proton (H+) ACCEPTOR
H+ (this is an acid)
H3O+ (this is an acid)
OH- (this is a base)
a substance that conducts electricity when added to a solution (breaks apart into IONS)
Ex: acids, bases, and salts (ionic compounds)
a chemical that changes color at different pH values
a type of reaction in which an acid and a base form water and a salt
acid + base --> water + salt
an ionic compound which is neither an acid or a base
Metal + Nonmetal
(or polyatomic ions)
process in which a solution of known concentration is used to determine the concentration of another solution
*Table T: MaVa = MbVb
a measure of how acidic or basic a solution is
acid = 1-7
base = 7-14
neutral = 7
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