MAT Literary Figures and Characters

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Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra 1547-1616

1st modern european novel

Don Quixote

Jane Austen 1775-1817

novels of manners and middle class English society

Sense and Sensibility
Pride and Prejudice

Lord George Gordon Byron 1788-1824

Romantic movement; Byronic hero

Don Juan
classic poetry

Mary Shelley 1797-1851

Romantic novelist
sister to Percy Shelley

Frankenstein
The Last Man

Emily Bronte 1818-1848

Victorian novelist

Wuthering Heights

Charlotte Bronte 1816-1855

Victorian novelist

Jane Eyre

Joseph Conrad 1857-1924

Ukrainian
English post-colonial novelist

Lord Jim
Heart of Darkness

V S Naipaul 1932-

Trinidad
English post-colonial novelist


Enigma of Arrival
House for Mr. Biswas

Oscar Wilde 1854-1900

English novelist, dramatist and social critic
The Importance of Being Earnest
Picture of Dorian Gray

Charles Dickens 1812-1870

English novelist
Great Expectations
Oliver Twist

D H Lawrence 1885-1930

English novelist
Lady Chatterley's Lover
The Rainbow

Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804-1864

American transcendentalist
The Scarlet Letter
House of the Seven Gables
Rappaccini's Daughter

Herman Melville 1819-1891

American transcendentalist
Moby Dick
Billy Bud

Aleksandr Isayevitch Solzhenitsyn 1918-2008

Russian novelist and social critic
The Gulag Archipelago

Vladimir Nabokov 1899-1977

Russian novelist
Lolita
Invitation to a Beheading

Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy 1828-1910

Russian novelist
War and Peace
Anna Karenina

Fyodor Dostoyevsky 1821-1881

Russian novelist
Crime and Punishment
Notes from the Underground

George Eliot (Mary Ann or Marian Evans) 1819-1880

English author
Middlemarch
Daniel Deronda
Mill on the Floss

Gustave Flaubert 1821-1880

French novelist
Madame Bovary

Franz Kafka 1883-1924

Existentialist novelist
The Metamorphosis
The Castle

Harriet Beecher Stowe 1811-1896

American novelist
abolitionist movement
Uncle Tom's Cabin

Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) 1835-1910

American novelist, essayist and satrist
Tom Sawyer
Huckleberry Finn

William Faulkner 1897-1962

American author (southern)
The Sound and the Fury
Absalom! Absalom!

Ernest Hemingway 1899-1961

lean prose
masculine themes and characters
A Farewell to Arms
The Old Man and the Sea

James Joyce 1882-1941

Irish novelist
Modernist
Ulysses
Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man

Sinclair Lewis 1885-1951

American novelist and social critic
Elmer Gantry
Babbitt

Henry Miller 1891-1980

American novelist
The Tropic of Cancer
The Tropic of Capricorn

Upton Sinclair 1878-1968

American novelist and social critic
"muckraker"
The Jungle

Gertrude Stein 1874-1946

American modernist author
3 Lives

Virginia Woolf 1882-1941

Modernist novelist and feminist
A Room of One's Own
To the Lighthouse

Alice Walker 1944-

American novelist
The Color Purple
Possessing the Secrets of Joy

John Steinbeck 1902-1968

American novelist
life of the American worker
Grapes of Wrath
Cannery Row

J D Salinger 1919-2010

American writer (reclusive)
Catcher in the Rye
Franny and Zooey

Thomas Pynchon 1937-

American novelist (reclusive)
Gravity's Rainbow
Vineland
The Crying of Lot 49

Toni Morrison 1931-

American novelist
Beloved
The Bluest Eye
Song of Solomon

Harper Lee 1926-

American writer
To Kill A Mockingbird

Zora Neale Hurston 1901-1960

American novelist and folklorist
Their Eyes Were Watching God
Tell My Horse

Nadine Gordimer 1923-

South African novelist
A Sport of Nature

William Burroughs

Naked Lunch

Diane Di Prima

Memiors of a Beatnik

John Updike

The Witches of Eastwick

Joseph Heller

Catch-22

Washington Irving

The History of New York

Ken Kesey

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

Anton Chekhov

The Three Sisters

Victor Hugo

Les Miserables

James Baldwin 1924-1987

American poet and novelist
The Fire Next Time

Sylvia Plath 1932-1963

American poet and novelist
Ariel
The Bell Jar

Jack Kerouac 1922-1969

American Beat poet and novelist
Dharma Bums
On the Road

Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso) 43-18 BCE

Erotic verse
Metamorphoses
Love's Remedy

Sappho c. 612 BCE

Greek poetry
Verse fragments

Virgil (Publius Vegiluis Maro) 70-19 BCE

Pastoral poem
civic virtue
The Aeneid

Dante Alighieri 1265-1321

Modern European literature
"terza rima"-rhyme in threes
The Inferno
Divine Comedy
Purgatorio
Paridiso

Francesco Petrarch 1304-1374

love poetry
humanism
The Canzoniere

John Milton 1608-1674

Puritan poet
allegorical religious epics
Paradise Lost
Paradise Regained

Jean Racine 1639-1699

Lyric poetry based on Greek and Roman literature
Andromaque
Bernice and Phaedre

Alexander Pope 1688-1744

British
Classicist/Satirist
The Rape of the Lock
The Dunciad

William Blake 1757-1827

Poet/Visual artist
Neoclassical convention
Songs of the Innocence
Songs of Experience

William Wordsworth 1770-1850

English romantic poet
nature poetry
The Prelude
Lyrical Ballads
Poems Chiefly of Early and Late Years

Percy Bysshe Shelley 1792-1822

Romantic poet
Metaphor and Metrical form
brother to Mary Shelley
Adonais

John Keats 1795-1821

Romantic poet
Hyperion
On a Grecian Urn

Charles Baudelaire 1821-1867

French symbolist poet
Flowers of Evil (Les Fleurs du Mal)

Robert Browning 1812-1889

English poet
married to Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Bells and Pomegranates

Elizabeth Barrett Browning 1806-1861

English poet
married to Robert Browning
Aurora Leigh
Sonnets from the Portuguese

Emily Dickinson 1830-1886

American poet
Because I Could Not Stop For Death

Christina 1830-1894

English poet
Goblin Market

Edgar Allan Poe 1809-1849

American transcendentalist
Fall of the House of Usher
The Tell-Tale Heart
The Raven
The Purloined Letter

Walt Whitman 1819-1892

American poet
Leaves of Grass
Song of Myself

e.e. cummings 1894-1962

Non-traditional forms of poetry
Tulips and Chimneys

Robert Frost 1874-1963

American poet
The Road Not Taken
Birches

Ezra Pound 1885-1972

American poet
The Cantos

Adrienne Rich 1929-

American Poet
Aunt Jennifer's Tigers

Langston Hughes 1902-1967

Harlem Renaissance poet
Collected Works

Allen Ginsberg 1926-1997

American Beat poet
Howl

Elizabeth Bishop 1911-1979

American poet
Collected Works

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Self-Reliance

William Butler Yeats 1865-1939

Irish poet/dramatist
The Wind Among the Reeds
The Winding Stairs
Sailing To Byzantium

T. S. Eliot 1564-1965

Christian poet/theorist/playwright/critic
The Waste Land

William Shakespeare 1564-1616

English poet/dramatist
Hamlet Romeo and Juliet Julius Caesar
King Lear Twelfth Night Much Ado About Nothing
Macbeth Richard III Sonnets

Joseph Addison 1672-1719

Poet/Critic/Playwright
The Tattler
The Spectator
Cato

Aeschylus 525-456 BCE

originator of Greek drama
2nd speaking character
Eumenides Oresteia
Prometheus Chophori
Agamemmon

Aristophanes 450-385 BCE

father of Greek comedy
Lysistrata
The Clouds
The Birds

Sophocles 496-406 BCE

dramatist
3rd speaking character
Oedipus Rex
Oedipus Tyrannus
Antigone
Electra

Christopher Marlow 1564-1593

author of the first historical drama and English tragedy
Edward the Second
The Tragedy of Doctor Faustus

Ben Jonson 1573-1637

English playwright
Every Man in His Humor

Moliere (Jean Baptiste Poquelin) 1622-1673

French playwright
introduced everyday speech to theatre
Dom Juan
Tartuffe
The Misanthrope

George Bernard Shaw 1856-1950

Irish born/British author/playwright
Arms and the Man
Saint Joan

Eugene O'Neill 1888-1953

American dramatist
Anna Christie
The Hairy Ape

Henrik Ibsen 1828-1906

Norwegian playwright
Expressionist movement
A Doll's House
Ghosts

Arthur Miller 1915-2005

American playwright
Death of a Salesman
The Crucible

Samuel Beckett 1906-1989

Irish born/French playwright/novelist
Waiting for Godot
Happy Days

Tennessee Williams 1911-1983

American playwright
A Streetcar Named Desire
The Glass Menagerie

Sir Tom Stoppard 1937

Czech born/British playwright
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead

Thornton Wilder

Our Town

Euripides 485-405 BCE

technique of "deus ex machina"
The Trojan Women
Helen
The Bacchae
Medea

Homer c. 9th century BCE

1st works of Western literature
Odyssey
Iliad

Giovanni Boccaccio 1313-1375

introduced the use of vernacular
The Decameron

Geoffrey Chaucer 1340-1400

brought literature to the middle class
The Canterbury Tales
Troilus
Criseyde

Nicolo Machiavelli 1469-1527

"Machiavellian"
The Prince
La Madrigola

Francois Rabelais 1494-1553

Satiric narrative
Gargantua
Pantagruel

Francis Bacon 1561-1626

philosophical writings
Essays
The New Atlantis

Edmund Spenser 1552-1599

Allegory
The Faerie Queen
Amoretti

John Dryden 1631-1700

heroic couplet
Alexander's Feast
Heroic Stanzas

Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet) 1694-1778

French/English critical theory
Candide
Zadig

Jonathan Swift 1667-1745

Direct style, critical wit
Gulliver's Travels
Tale of a Tub

Benjamin Franklin 1706-1790

Scientist, Educator, Abolitionist, Philosopher, Economist, Political Theorist and Statesman
Poor Richard's Almanac
Observations on the Increase of Mankind
Numerous essays and state papers

Samuel Taylor Coleridge 1772-1834

Romantic critic
Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Christable
Kubla Khan
Lyrical Ballads

Henry David Thoreau 1818-1848

American transcendentalist/social theorist
Walden
Civil Disobedience

Salman Rushdie 1947-

death sentence (fatwa) placed on him by Ayatollah Khomeni
The Satanic Verses
Shame

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